Category: Environmental

New EU- citizens initiative, new hope?


Haien-stopp finning Initiative

Today, the European Commission decided to register a European Citizens’ Initiative entitled ‘Stop Finning – Stop the Trade’ related to sharks and rays. The aim of the Initiative is to ‘end the trade of fins in the EU including the import, export and transit of fins other than if naturally attached to the animal’s body.’


The organisers state that ‘although the removal of fins on board of EU vessels and in EU waters is prohibited and sharks must be landed with their fins naturally attached, the EU is among the biggest exporters of fins and a major transit hub for the global fin trade’.

stopp finning 3PG

Prior to Regulation (EU) No 605/2013, the previous regulation from 2003 prohibited shark fins from being separated, but left a loophole that allows boats with a “special permit” to continue this practice. Around 200 such “special permits” were held annually by Spain and Portugal.

stopp finning 2G

The Initiative specifically calls on the Commission ‘to extend REGULATION (EU) No 605/2013 also to the trade of fins and […] develop a new regulation, extending “fins naturally attached” to all trading of sharks and rays in the EU’.

Under the Treaties, the EU can take legal action in areas of common fisheries policy and common commercial policy. The Commission therefore considers the initiative legally admissible and decided to register it. The Commission has not analysed the substance of the initiative at this stage.

stopp finning 5PG

The registration of this initiative will take place on 2 January 2020, allowing the organizers to start, within next 6 months, a one-year process of collection of signatures of support.

Should the initiative receive one million statements of support within 1 year, from at least 7 different Member States, the Commission will have to react within 6 months. The Commission can decide either to follow the request or not, and in both instances would be required to explain its reasoning.


The European Citizens’ Initiative was introduced with the Lisbon Treaty as an agenda-setting tool in the hands of citizens. It was launched in April 2012.

In 2017, the European Commission tabled reform proposals for the European Citizens’ Initiative to make it more citizen-friendly. In December 2018, the European Parliament and the Council agreed on the reform and the revised rules will start applying as of 1 January 2020. The revised rules, among others, will give the organisers more flexibility to choose the starting date of their campaign as well as revise the proposed initiative before the Commission’s registration decision.


In the meantime, the Commission has been raising awarenessof the European Citizens’ Initiative through a communication campaign and offered support to organisers via a collaborative platform. In total, the Commission has registered 71 Citizens’ Initiatives and refused 26, with only 6 refusals in the past 5 years.

Once formally registered, a European Citizens’ Initiative allows one million citizens from at least one quarter of EU Member States to invite the European Commission to propose a legal act in areas where the Commission has the power to do so.

The conditions for admissibility are that the proposed action does not manifestly fall outside the framework of the Commission’s powers to submit a proposal for a legal act, that it is not manifestly abusive, frivolous or vexatious and that it is not manifestly contrary to the values of the Union.

Please sign the Petition:

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And I mean...does anyone remember the end the cage age EU citizens’ initiative?
It officially ended on September 11, 2019 with 1.5 million votes.
The commission has 6 months to decide, a position has to come in March at the latest. But we don’t know anything about it.

Apparently it doesn’t look good, because the German meat mafia is already baking its own “bread-rolls” with the extension of the animal torture in pig boxes, do you remember this article ?

Ignorance and corruption in EU circles should not be underestimated; that’s what i want to say.

Of course, we will and must all participate in this initiative, we will invest hope and energy again to save these animals and our oceans from criminals.

But at the next time we need a citizens’ initiative to abolish the EU itself; because on its current form the EU has failed in both human and animal welfare.

My best regards to all, Venus

Serbia: Letter No. 2 to Send to Serbian Embassies Worldwide Re Dog Murder. Please Copy and Send.

Serbian Flag



Goran serbia


Here now is the second letter that we ask you to send – this time to all those in Serbian embassies located around the world. If ‘your’ embassy is not listed below, then use this link to find more – but be careful – only go for Serbian embassies; others are also shown:

This letter follows on from our letter draft (for you to copy and send) to the CRC in Switzerland.


Here is the link to that (first letter) post.


We hope the content of the letter is self explanatory – it asks the CRC to intervene in the killing of the dogs in Serbia using very dangerous chemicals.

This letter (No 2) is more directly aimed at Serbia, and its embassies; asking questions about the use of such nerve agents on the streets of Serbia. Again, we hope it is self explanatory. Please copy and sent this letter far and wide if you can – Thanks.

Embassies in Serbia:

if you dont find your Country on this list, please use google and type: “name of your country ” + Embassy in Serbia , then find contact page.

E-mail blocks: for easy sending:




Sir / Madam;


You and those involved with the endless murder of animals never seem to learn, do you ?


For over 2 months now there have been mass poisoning of dogs and other animals in over 50 cities located within Serbia.

The murders have been undertaken using the poison Carbofuran. This is one of the most toxic carbonate pesticides; and exhibits toxicity mediated by the same mechanism as that of the notorious V series nerve agents and presents a risk to human health – fatalities occur with exposure to tens of milligram quantities via inhalation or absorption through skin; It is more potent than Sarin; another nerve agent with a similar mechanism of action. On such exposure, these agents severely disrupt the body’s signaling between the nervous and muscular systems; leading to a prolonged neuromuscular blockade; causing paralysis of all the muscles in the body including the diaphragm, and leading to death by asphyxiation, or a condition of deficient supply of oxygen to the body.

Carbofuran usage has increased in recent years because it is one of the few insecticides effective on soybean aphids; but as a nerve agent it presents a risk to human health. It is classified as an extremely hazardous substance in the United States; and it usage and storage are rigorously monitored and controlled.

Further, Carbofuran is forbidden by International Act of the Chemical Review Committee- banned in Canada and the European Union. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a ban on Carbofuran because reports showed that this chemical compound killed more wildlife and animals overall than any other poison.

Are the shinters and local authorities who allow / use this aware of the destruction it can do to humans ? – are you prepared for claims and financial compensation that may be directed at you by individuals ? It can kill dogs and wildlife in a terrible way; but also humans.

If the Serbian public knew that you were undertaking the usage of this nerve agent and putting them at a health risk; or even the possibility of death; would you allow its use to continue ? As you are currently a ‘Candidate Country’ for EU membership; would the EU view your actions as good for human safety ? – I doubt very much; but regardless; they must be informed of your actions using nerve agents.

Ways in which you are undertaking the elimination of dogs is barbaric; especially as there are no kill options available, including a national sterilisation policy. But for some, adopting this strategy would mean an end to the corruption that I / we know exists in your system at present.

Poisoned dogs, cats and other animals are dying on the streets and in the parks of Serbia; children also play in parks – remember that.

Who is in direct control; and has overall responsibility for this operation and the use of nerve agents ? – the Republic Public Prosecutor and the Police Directorate do not appear to want to respond, despite having been approached about this.


As a concerned citizen I feel it is my responsibility to go ‘global’ with this and inform the world about what is being done to living things in Serbia.


Stop all killings now; and adopt a sterilisation, no kill policy.


Yours in disgust


Name –

Nationality –







Serbia: Mass Animal Poisonings – Letter (1 of 2) to Copy and Send to the Chemical Review Committee (CRC) In Switzerland; Asking Them to Intervene.

Serbian Flag


Regarding the issue that we know ‘Carbofuran’ poison is being used to poison dogs and other wildlife throughout Serbia; we have serious concerns. Here is why; just a basic summary that we uncovered today via research:

The poison Carbofuran is one of the most toxic carbonate pesticides; and exhibits toxicity mediated by the same mechanism as that of the notorious V series nerve agents and presents a risk to human health – fatalities occur with exposure to tens of milligram quantities via inhalation or absorption through skin; It is more potent than Sarin; another nerve agent with a similar mechanism of action. On such exposure, these agents severely disrupt the body’s signaling between the nervous and muscular systems; leading to a prolonged neuromuscular blockade; causing paralysis of all the muscles in the body including the diaphragm, and leading to death by asphyxiation, or a condition of deficient supply of oxygen to the body.


As this is a nerve agent which can be deadly to both animal and human species; should it be put into parks or on the street where humans are; especially young children ? – we will produce our Sample Letter to the Serbian authorities tomorrow – it is done in draft form but we need to get checks undertaken.

In the meantime, Slavica has produced a letter (below) which you can copy and send to the CRC in Switzerland; expressing concerns.


The Chemical Review Committee (CRC)
Rotterdam Convention

United National Environment Programme (UNEP)
Avenue de la Paix 8-14
1211 Genève 10, Switzerland

Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
00153 Rome, Italy



Secretariat of the Rotterdam Convention – UNEP

Office address: 11-13, Chemin des Anémones – 1219 Châtelaine, Switzerland

Postal address: Avenue de la Paix 8-14, 1211 Genève 10, Switzerland

Tel.: +41 (0)22 917 8271 – Fax: +41 (0)22 917 8098





Letter (to copy and send):


We are reporting about mass poisoning on streets of Serbia.

We reported about it to Serbian Government, Police and Sectors for control of chemicals, but no one has reacted in response.

Through our investigation of poisons it is confirmed that chemicals found on the scene (streets) are two banned components but still they are spreading uncontrollably on the streets and are continuously killing both wildlife and domesticated animals.

Named chemicals are;

The technical or chemical name of FURADAN, Carbofuran is 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl methylcarbamate, and its CAS Number is 1563-66-2.


Mass poisoning cases of dogs, cats and birds that happened from January to February 2020 and current counts of at least 350 cases are found and reports of poisoned animals are incoming while we are just reporting to you about this case..

We are appalled at this and are asking for regulatory bodies of Rotterdam convention to intervene please.

Our report is reflecting the NOTE requested by Rotterdam convention committee.

According to the criteria for listing banned or severely restricted chemicals in Annex III to the Rotterdam Convention, Annex II, paragraph (c)(iv), indicates that the Chemical Review Committee should consider whether there is evidence of ongoing international trade in the chemicals it reviews.

In line with the process for collecting information on ongoing international trade adopted by the Chemical Review Committee at its first meeting, countries and other interested parties are invited to submit information on ongoing trade and use of the above-listed chemicals.

CRC-12/1  Carbofuran   16.16 K36.81 K

The Chemical Review Committee,

Recalling paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 7 of the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade
I am very concerned about this situation, I will recall my visit to Serbia until this alarming situation of mass poisoning of animals is stopped. I am very appalled with the Government of Serbia because they are not taking any responsibility for what is being put into the public domain, and are not taking any action to stop this horrific situation. Additionally, they are NOT replying nor taking action on complaints that citizens of Serbia sent to them.

I am informed that there are more than 10 protests on the streets by concerned Serbian citizens and the government is playing deaf to their pleas which is shameful and should not be the case in Europe 2020 or from a ‘Candidate Country’ wishing to join the EU as a Member State in the near future.

Please send a warning note to the Serbian Government to stop the mass poisoning of animals, which could also affect humans; and please make an intervention that is guaranteed by Rotterdam Convention..

Thank you.



Contact email:



What if the Amazon rainforest burned down?


Brasil pg


Joaquin Phoenix, Amazon Watch & Extinction Rebellion: ‘Guardians of Life’

We partnered with Oscar nominee Joaquin Phoenix, and Extinction Rebellion for a short film urging action on the climate and ecological emergency!

Phoenix is joined in the film, entitled Guardians of Life, by an array of Hollywood stars including Rosario Dawson, Matthew Modine, Q’orianka Kilcher, Oona Chaplin, Adria Arjona, and Albert Hammond Jr. of The Strokes.

brasilien jpg

Right now, indigenous peoples and their lands are increasingly under threat from vast economic exploitation across the Amazon — a rainforest vital for the health of our planet. The Amazon removes about 5% of total emissions caused by human activity. Without the Amazon, the planet would be warming faster than scientists already observe.


But, the Amazon rainforest is at RISK.

Just last year, over 11.2 M hectares in the Brazilian and Bolivian Amazon burned. New analysis of extensive satellite imagery revealed that many of the fires were actually burning the remains of areas that were recently deforested.


In Brazil, the threats are escalating: Bolsonaro’s Administration recently announced plans to hand out indigenous lands to the very industries responsible for deforestation. In the Brazilian Amazon, those industries are land speculation, mining, and agribusiness, specifically soy and cattle. Companies in these industries are bankrolled by global financial institutions like BlackRock, JP Morgan Chase, HBSC, BNP Paribas and Vanguard. They too, are responsible for the Amazon’s destruction.

Brazil deforestationpg

But it doesn’t have to be this way. According to scientific studies, indigenous lands are “currently the most important barrier to Amazon deforestation.” Indigenous peoples are the best protectors of the Amazon rainforest, so protecting indigenous rights is instrumental.

Brazil jpg

The Amazon Rainforest is known to be a home to millions of different species, from plants, to animals, to even some indigenous tribes. It’s been referred to as the Earth’s lungs, because it produces 20% of the oxygen in it’s atmosphere.

About half the size of the United States of America, the Amazon Rainforest has a huge impact on slowing down global warming, and the world as a whole.

amazo forest

 But recently, wildfires have gotten so out of control, cities have been completely blacked out, with smoke from the fires covering their skies. It seems as of now, the Brazilian government and president Bolsonaro isn’t stepping in to slow down the fires, and up until quite recently, news stations weren’t covering the story either.

In hopes of raising awareness about how important the Amazon Rainforest really is, we decided to answer the question: What If The Amazon Rainforest Burned Down?

Very easily: we`re killing ourselfes



My Comment: While the fire in Amazonas destroyed the lives of animals and humans, Bolsonaro specifically advised all presidents not to interfere in the internal affairs of his country.

“My country, my forest,” he said demonstratively against his critics.

It is by no means “his forest”, not even that of his corrupt party.
There are also many people in Brazil who are interested in the conservation of the rainforest.

It is the forest of the Brazilians and above all of the aborigines and animals that have protected areas there and whose livelihood is being illegally destroyed in favor of some private profit bandits.

But above all is the human forest, which is based on this “green lung” and thus ensures our survival.

There, animal and plant species are irrevocably eradicated. These are missing from now on and will never come back. Part of our common heritage is lost just because some powerful fascists want to enrich themselves.

The rainforest in the Amazon region has also been cleared in the past, but never to the same extent as under the fascist and traitor Bolsonaro.

Humanity has nothing more than adaptation anyway, and it is feared that we can no longer save anything from now on, it is simply too late.

We just have to try to live with the damage we have caused ourselves and that will make our lives and the lives of the next generations hell.

notre dame und amazonas sloganjpg


My best regards to all, Venus

USA: Groups to Host Screening of Documentary Film that Exposes the Shadowy World of Wildlife Killing Contests.


PC media


For Immediate Release: February 20, 2020

Groups to Host Screening of Documentary Film that Exposes the Shadowy World of Wildlife Killing Contests

First Gentleman of Colorado Marlon Reis will give remarks

DENVER, CO – The Institute for Human-Animal Connection, Sturm College of Law, and DU Media, Film & Journalism Studies, in partnership with Project Coyote, will host Banning Wildlife Killing Contests in Colorado on Wednesday, Feb. 26, at the University of Denver. This free event will raise awareness about wildlife killing contests in Colorado — where participants compete to kill wild animals, including coyotes and prairie dogs, for entertainment and prizes. For information and to RSVP, click here.

The event is part of the 2nd Human-Animal Coexistence Catalyst Series Event and will feature a screening of Project Coyote’s award-winning documentary KILLING GAMES ~ Wildlife In The Crosshairs. The event will include remarks by First Gentleman of Colorado Marlon Reis and a discussion session with Project Coyote Executive Director (and KILLING GAMES Director) Camilla Fox and Project Coyote Science Advisory Board member and Professor Emeritus at the University of Colorado Marc Bekoff.

Thousands of wild animals are killed in wildlife killing contests every year throughout the nation. There have been at least 18 contests in Colorado over the last five years, primarily targeting coyotes, bobcats and prairie dogs. Public scrutiny has caused many contest organizers to take their events underground, so the actual number of contests may be much higher. In Pueblo this year, teams paid $100 to enter the High Desert Coyote Classic. Teams who killed the “biggest,” “littlest,” and “ugliest dogs” won prizes.

“Given the myriad benefits of wild animals and their habitats to our beautiful State, I am excited to highlight the need for reforms to wildlife killing contests,” said Marlon Reis, First Gentleman of Colorado. “We can and must do better for the humane treatment of wildlife throughout the nation.”

In 2019, a coalition of organizations — including the Animal Legal Defense Fund, the Animal Welfare Institute, the Humane Society of the United States, Project Coyote, and WildEarth Guardians — submitted a citizen petition asking the Colorado Parks and Wildlife Commission to consider revising current regulations to ban wildlife killing contests for small game and furbearing animals. Colorado’s current regulations allow each contest participant to kill up to five animals per species over the course of one contest. The Commission may hear that petition at its next meeting in March. If the Commission decides to advance the petition, CPW staff will begin to develop proposed regulations, which will be open for public comment.

“Not only do wildlife killing contests undermine the moral fabric of our society, they are ecologically destructive,” said Marc Bekoff, professor emeritus of ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of Colorado, Boulder, co-founder with Jane Goodall of Ethologists for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, and member of Colorado’s Governor’s Coalition for Animal Protection. “In short, there is no credible evidence that wildlife killing contests serve any beneficial wildlife management purpose.”

Contest organizers frequently claim that killing contests reduce coyote population numbers long-term, increase the abundance of species like deer, and protect livestock from coyotes. The best available science does not support these claims. Indiscriminate lethal control of wildlife including coyotes and prairie dogs is harmful to ecosystems. Randomly killing coyotes can even increase their numbers and increase conflicts with livestock.

“Project Coyote produced KILLING GAMES ~ Wildlife In The Crosshairs to shine a light on this bloodsport,” said Camilla Fox, founder and executive director of Project Coyote and director of the film. “We’re working with our coalition partners, ranchers, hunters, Native American tribal leaders, and community members to relegate these brutal events to the history books, just as advocates did with dogfighting and cockfighting.”

Wildlife killing contests have been outlawed in five states. Arizona and Massachusetts banned killing contests for predatory and furbearing species in 2019; New Mexico and Vermont abolished coyote killing contests in 2019 and 2018, respectively; and California prohibited the awarding of prizes for killing nongame and furbearing animals in 2014.

KILLING GAMES will also be shown at the Colorado Environmental Film Festival on Feb. 22 at the American Mountaineering Center in Golden. Purchase tickets here.


To learn more about wildlife killing contests, visit the National Coalition to End Wildlife Killing Contests website here and read this Op-Ed in The Colorado Sun here.

# # #











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China: Coronavirus – The environment creates a perfect system to spread viruses, he said: “You couldn’t do it any better if you tried.”



The Huanan Seafood Market in Wuhan


WAV recent posts relating to this issue:


The Huanan Seafood Market in the central city of Wuhan is now under scrutiny


Animal trade in spotlight as China seeks source of coronavirus


Authorities believe new strain of coronavirus came from a market in Wuhan where wildlife was sold illegally.

Officials in China are searching to uncover the origin of the coronavirus outbreak, amid heightened scrutiny of the country’s poorly regulated animal trade.

Authorities believe the new strain of coronavirus came from a seafood market in Wuhan where wildlife was sold illegally. The World Health Organization has stated that an animal appears most likely to be the primary source, with experts suggesting it may have been carried by bats, badgers, rats or snakes.

The virus is from the same family of viruses as Sars, which was passed to humans from bats by the masked pam civets, and Mers, which was carried from bats to humans by camels.

Ian Jones, professor of virology at Reading University, said it was likely that the Wuhan virus had also been transmitted in the same way – passed from bats to humans through an intermediate host. “Something in the local area will have picked up this virus and it’s this something that would have been on sale in the wet market,” said Jones.

Though the 2002-03 Sars outbreak, which killed nearly 800 people, prompted efforts to regulate the wildlife trade in China, the tradition of eating endangered wild animals, or using wildlife to produce medicines, remains popular. Conservationists and health experts warn that such animals are being sold in unhygienic and cramped markets, allowing viruses to thrive.

Media reports suggest that about 50 wild animals, including endangered pangolins, were on sale at the market in Wuhan before it was closed at the end of last year. Photographs taken before its closure show snakes, porcupines and foxes crammed into cages. The sister of a vendor infected by the virus told China Business Journal, a state-owned paper, that snakes, ducks and wild rabbits were common at the market.

“The animal welfare part of this is obvious, but much more hidden is this stashing and mixing of all these species together in a very small area, with secretions and urine mixed up together,” Christian Walzer, executive director of the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society, told Reuters.


Two workers are skinning rodents


The environment creates a perfect system to spread viruses, he said: “You couldn’t do it any better if you tried.”

Research published on Wednesday in the Journal of Medical Virology, which used analysis of the protein codes favoured by the new coronavirus, suggested it may have been snakes at the market that passed the virus to humans.

Some argue that the virus is more likely to have been passed on by a mammal. “In my view it’s very unlikely to be a snake because the jump from a reptile to a person is evolutionarily quite a long way,” said Jones, who added that while snake handling is common in the region, he is not aware of any individuals contracting this kind of virus after direct handling of snakes.

Badgers and rats were both cited as possible sources by Chinese government medical adviser Zhong Nanshan. The sale of live poultry has been banned in Wuhan, where all outbound public transport has also been suspended.

Identifying the origin of the virus would not only enable officials to prevent its circulation, but could also allow scientists to understand if the virus has further evolved after infecting people.

On Wednesday, China’s national health commission vice-minister Li Bin told reporters there was evidence of respiratory transmission of the virus from patient to patient. Among those infected are 15 medical staff.



Viet Nam: The Recipe For Coronavirus Mk 2 – Does Anyone Ever Listen, Watch and Learn ? – In Asia, It Appears Not.

viet nam flag


Two workers are skinning rodents


WAV Comment


Some of our recent posts associated with Coronavirus:


Porcupines on sale in the market


They just don’t seem to get the message do they ?

Now we move to Vietnam; animal welfare aside for a second, just look at the state of the container in which the live frogs are being kept; shit black dirt all up the sides; workers taking not one glimmer of any hygiene controls – clothing; gloves, anything. It all looks like a super recipe for Coronavirus Mk2 from where we stand – see the images from the Chinese markets in our links above – notice the commonality ?. Are the Asians attempting to kill off the entire planet or what ? – no; only killing off innocent animals which are being abused for their selfish food fetish needs.

“We also saw the mangled bodies of dead or dying frogs scattered across the market floor – frogs who managed to jump out of these tubs while being sorted ended up squashed under the feet of passers-by or under the wheels of motorbikes speeding down the hectic market corridors. It was shocking.”

‘France is the biggest consumer, eating 4,000 tons a year, but America has been catching up, and they are also popular in Asian cuisine’.

  • ‘Research shows that the mass movement of frogs for human consumption – often unregulated or mislabelled – also plays a role in ecosystem collapse and spreading disease’.



Watch the disgusting video by clicking on either of the following:



watch the video


Live frogs are being crammed together in tubs and sold in food markets in east Asia, destined for painful deaths, an investigation has found.

Thousands of the amphibians were filmed being poured into large buckets at street markets in Vietnam, where workers frantically rifle through them, then stuff them into bags for sale.

Animal-welfare experts say the trade is not just “agonising” but also increases the risk of the extinction of the species, as creatures are taken from the wild.

Studies show the practice also damages natural food chains. And scientists say piling up live frogs in such conditions risks spreading disease among the amphibians.

In a joint investigation by the Moving Animals group and The Independent, bins full of living frogs were found in the seafood section of Binh Dien market.

“They are taken from stacked delivery crates and poured into buckets, where workers frantically grab them by hand to sort them,” said one investigator. “The sorted frogs are then stuffed into a bag, ready for sale – all while still alive.

“We also saw the mangled bodies of dead or dying frogs scattered across the market floor – frogs who managed to jump out of these tubs while being sorted ended up squashed under the feet of passers-by or under the wheels of motorbikes speeding down the hectic market corridors. It was shocking.

It is estimated more than three billion frogs are eaten worldwide each year, which are mostly caught from in the wild in Indonesia, but they are also farmed. France is the biggest consumer, eating 4,000 tons a year, but America has been catching up, and they are also popular in Asian cuisine.

Fears of falling populations have long been raised, leading France to ban farming and capturing frogs in the country in 1979.

However, the EU still imports the legs of tens of thousands of the amphibians from Asia each year, to the dismay of conservationists.


Activists claim frogs are often “forgotten” in welfare laws. They are “often skinned, and have their snouts and rear legs cut off with scissors or a blade while still alive. Their torsos are then tossed aside in a pile of other bleeding frogs and they endure a slow, agonising death,” according to the Washington-based Animal Welfare Institute.

A 2011 report, Canapés to Extinction, by international animal groups, said scientists had found frogs’ pain perception was similar to mammals’ and when their legs were cut off they struggled “until they reach complete exhaustion”.

Other witnesses have reported that in many cases only the hind legs are used for food, with the body thrown away.

Worldwide, amphibians are already suffering “catastrophic population declines” from interacting pathogens, scientists say. Fungal disease chytridiomycosis is thought to have caused the extinction of 90 species and marked declines of at least 491 others. Globalisation and the wildlife trade have been given most of the blame for the pandemic.  

Research shows that the mass movement of frogs for human consumption – often unregulated or mislabelled – also plays a role in ecosystem collapse and spreading disease.

Wiping out frogs leaves snakes starving and allows disease-carrying mosquitoes to multiply, new research has found.

Until 1987, India was the world’s primary exporter of wild-caught frogs, leaving populations heavily depleted and farmers dependent on large quantities of pesticides to control pests and mosquitoes. Ecologists fear that Indonesia, now the source of more than two-thirds of frogs’ legs in supermarkets worldwide, is heading the same way.

And keeping frogs in such cramped conditions, without water, allows them to succumb to viruses.

Jonathan Ball, professor of molecular virology at Nottingham University, said although the risk to humans was probably very small, there was certainly the risk of spreading disease among frogs.

The 2011 report said: “Due to the mounting evidence that the chytrid fungus and ranaviruses are distributed through frogs traded live, in 2009 the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), specified conditions for handling processed and live frogs (eg health certificates and risk mitigation measures) in its Aquatic Animal Health Code.”

A spokeswoman for Peta Asia said: “Not only is this cruelty and suffering abhorrent, but eating animals – whether it’s frogs or chickens – fuels the demand for live animal markets. The typically filthy conditions of these markets are hotbeds for deadly viruses to multiply and spread. For the good of all living, feeling beings – including humans – they must all be shut down immediately.”