The ‘Bous al Carrer‘, an increasingly controversial centuries-old tradition: 17 deaths in the last seven years The ‘Bous al Carrer’ festivities are a tradition more than a hundred years old in the Valencian Community, and there are many neighbors who assure that it is part of their daily life (!!!)
The reason: more than 9000 celebrations are held a year and in more than 300 municipalities.
However, the controversy surrounding this celebration is more alive than ever: in the last seven years 17 people have lost their lives, the last of them in the confinements held this Saturday.
A 55-year-old man died in Onda,Castellón, during the celebration of this activity after being gored in the leg by a bull.
The event occurred on the last day of the start of these celebrations, when the man received a serious goring.
When he was injured in the femoral art, he lost a lot of blood.
Although he was immediately transferred to La Plana Hospital, he died in the health center.
The worst figure was registered in 2015, when seven people died as a result of goring or injuries when participating in bullfighting shows at street level. This makes many are against its celebration, especially animal associations. “We consider them to be cruel and bloody spectacles with animals,” said Javier Sánchez, PACMA spokesman.
” The celebration of ‘Bous al Carrer’ carries risks. It is an activity in which all of us who participate know what we are up against. We are facing an animal, a bull, whose mission is to attack and injure to defend itself, ” Vicente Nogueroles, president of the Federation of Bullfighting Peñas de Bous al Carrer, has argued, in statements to “laSexta”.
The Animal Party Against Animal Abuse (PACMA) is clear about it and asks for its cancellation. “Our position regarding the ‘Bous al Carrer’ is the abolition of this and any other type of popular celebration with animals,” Javier Sánchez clarified.
Thus, after the tragedy that occurred this Saturday, as well as those registered in recent years, the debate that divides the population is reborn: to abolish or not, an issue that does not seem to have a short-term solution.
And I mean.. Apparently some didn’t evolve.
That’s why some drunken psychopaths enjoy standing in front of a poor tortured animal that comes out of a damned box where there is no other way out than to run away and meet everyone who comes before it.
And those that haven’t evolved call it “tradition”!!
The bull does not want to be in this shit that they call traditions and festivals and for HIM it is also fair that those who torment him find a just death.
Therefore, it will not sound harsh to say that the human deads don’t cause the least sorrow to a compassionate person who abhorred animal abusers.
In the U.S., Indigenous Peoples’ Day evolved as an alternative to « Invasion Day » – Columbus Day – which celebrated Columbus’ arrival in the New World on October 12th 1492 and the beginning of the colonization of North America.
Native Americans protested honoring a man who had enabled their genocide and forced assimilation.
About Barbara Crane Navarro – Rainforest Art Project
I’m a French artist living near Paris. From 1968 to 1973 I studied at Rhode Island School of Design in Providence, Rhode Island, then at the San Francisco Art Institute in San Francisco, California, for my BFA.
My work for many decades has been informed and inspired by time spent with indigenous communities. Various study trips devoted to the exploration of techniques and natural pigments took me originally to the Dogon of Mali, West Africa, and subsequently to Yanomami communities in Venezuela and Brazil.
Over many years, during the winters, I studied the techniques of traditional Bogolan painting. Hand woven fabric is dyed with boiled bark from the Wolo tree or crushed leaves from other trees, then painted with mud from the Niger river which oxidizes in contact with the dye.
Through the Dogon and the Yanomami, my interest in the multiplicity of techniques and supports for aesthetic expression influenced my artistic practice. The voyages to the Amazon Rainforest have informed several series of paintings created while living among the Yanomami. The support used is roughly woven canvas prepared with acrylic medium then textured with a mixture of sand from the river bank and lava. This supple canvas is then rolled and transported on expeditions into the forest. They are then painted using a mixture of acrylic colors and Achiote and Genipap, the vegetal pigments used by the Yanomami for their ritual body paintings and on practical and shamanic implements.
My concern for the ongoing devastation of the Amazon Rainforest has inspired my films and installation projects. Since 2005, I’ve created a perfomance and film project – Fire Sculpture – to bring urgent attention to Rainforest issues.
To protest against the continuing destruction, I’ve publicly set fire to my totemic sculptures. These burning sculptures symbolize the degradation of nature and the annihilation of indigenous cultures that depend on the forest for their survival.
If the voyage is successful, the four youth activists on the Rainbow Warrior plan to meet fellow members of the Fridays for Future climate strike movement on Monday afternoon outside the summit to deliver their message.
They are warning that the climate talks should not go ahead without people who are most affected, but say many activists have been shut out by a failure to distribute vaccines equally between countries and travel restrictions, while major nations have big delegations attending.
The Rainbow Warrior set sail from Liverpool on Saturday night, and contacted the Clyde port authority to request permission to berth outside the Cop26 conference, but was told it could not sail up the Clyde and the area was controlled by police.
The captain decided to ignore the warnings and will continue the ship’s journey as the activists’ message and presence at Cop26 is fundamental to its success, Greenpeace said.
A “stop failing us” message is written on large banners hung between the Rainbow Warrior’s masts and bows.
Speaking onboard, 19-year-old climate activist Maria Reyes, from Mexico said: “From vaccines to visas and travel restrictions, we’ve already had to overcome many obstacles that the Cop26 organisers tried to use in an attempt to shut us out.
“But we’re here, we’re coming and we won’t be stopped.
“Inequalities such as gender violence, racial discrimination, class inequality and forced migration are exacerbated by the climate crisis.
“By denying us entry these so-called ‘leaders’ are fanning the flames of these inequalities. Enough empty speeches, there won’t be climate action without climate justice.”
Edwin Namakanga, 27, from Uganda, said: “World leaders should be rolling out the red carpet to people most affected by this crisis, not denying us from making our way to Cop26.
“We’re only four activists but we’re representing millions and our voices must be heard.”
Shell and BP, which together produce more than 1.7bn tonnes of greenhouse gases a year, have not paid any corporation tax on oil and gas production in the North Sea for the last three years, company filings reveal.
The oil giants, which have an annual global footprint of greenhouse gases more than five times bigger than Britain’s, are benefiting from billions of pounds of tax breaks and reliefs for oil and gas production.
Shell and BP paid no corporation tax or production levies on North Sea oil operations between 2018 and 2020, and claimed tax reliefs of nearly £400m, according to annual “payments to governments” reports analysed by the Observer.
Over the same three-year period, they paid shareholders more than £44bn in dividends.
A petroleum revenue tax of 35% was effectively scrapped by the then chancellor, George Osborne, in 2016 and oil giants can claim billions of pounds in taxpayer handouts for decommissioning rigs.
The North Sea is now one of the most profitable areas in the world for oil and gas production, after tax cuts by the government to encourage production.
Shell and BP have set targets to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050 by investing in cleaner energy, but say the UK will continue to need oil and gas from the North Sea, which also supports thousands of jobs.
Climate campaigners are now challenging the UK tax regime in a high court case. They want the payouts to be scrapped and a ban on any new oil and gas projects in the North Sea to help cut carbon emissions.
Philip Evans, oil and gas campaigner for Greenpeace UK, said: “It’s outrageous that as the UK prepares to host global climate talks in Glasgow, we still have one of the lowest effective tax rates in the world for oil extraction.
We’re giving tax breaks worth billions of pounds to companies that have been fuelling the climate emergency for decades.”
There are about 180 oil rigs in the North Sea and the sector has generated about £360bn in net tax revenues since 1970, which is about £7.2bn a year.
The UK has some of the lowest oil tax rates in the world. An analysis by research company Rystad Energy in January found the UK is now the most profitable country in the world for the development of oil and gas “mega-projects”.
Taxpayers will foot a bill of more than £18bn for the decommissioning of the oil and gas infrastructure in the North Sea up to 2065 – made up of tax repayments and a reduction in offshore corporation tax. Campaigners want the handouts to be scrapped and used for investing in clean energy.
Kwasi Kwarteng, the business secretary, faces a legal challenge over the tax handout to oil and gas operators by campaigners. Paid to Pollute, a group of environmental organisations, says that the taxpayer handouts to oil and gas companies are unlawful because they conflict with the UK’s legal duty to achieve net zero emissions by 2050. A judicial review is due to be heard before the end of the year.
Gabrielle Jeliazkov, a campaigner at Platform, a UK group that investigates the social and environmental effects of the global oil industry and is supporting the legal case, said: “The government has spent too long backing oil giants through tax breaks and subsidies. It has had devastating consequences for the climate.”
Shell and BP also face strong opposition over new projects in the North Sea. A report published last week by Friends of the Earth and the New Economics Foundation found that the oil and gas industry is preparing to seek approval for 30 offshore projects by 2025.
Shell has defended plans for the Cambo project, a controversial oilfield off Shetland that contains about 800m barrels of oil and is awaiting approval from the Oil and Gas Authority, a government licensing body. Greenpeace lost a legal bid this month for the government to revoke the permit for BP to drill at the Vorlich oilfield in the North Sea, which started production in November last year.
It was reported by Reuters last week that Offshore Petroleum Regulator for Environment and Decommissioning had rejected Shell’s plans to develop the Jackdaw gasfield in the North Sea after considering its environmental statement.A Shell spokesperson said: “Our total oil production already peaked in 2019 and we expect it to continue declining, including through divestments. We’re already investing billions of dollars in low-carbon energy. The North Sea Transition Deal agreed earlier this year also maps out how the sector will reduce emissions in line with the government’s net zero targets.” The company said it paid no corporation tax on North Sea production last year because of tax losses in previous years.
A BP spokesperson said: “All BP’s North Sea assets are owned by companies that are subject to UK tax in accordance with UK law. Over the years, BP has contributed over £40bn in taxes to the UK government from its North Sea business.
“In recent years, in line with longstanding UK tax regulations, tax relief on the significant investments we have recently made in the North Sea business and the challenging price environment, including the steep oil price falls in 2015 and 2020, have meant we have paid no North Sea corporate taxes.”
A government spokesperson said: “The UK oil and gas industry has paid around £375bn in production taxes to date – with companies in the North Sea subject to headline rates that are more than double those paid by other businesses. Relief for decommissioning costs is a fundamental part of the UK’s tax system.”
Does the industry dog wag the government tail ?; or the tail wag the dog ?
National Trust members have voted to ban trail hunting amid fears it is being used as a “smokescreen” for chasing and killing foxes.
Members supported a motion not to allow the activity on trust land, with those who proposed it stating that “overwhelming evidence leads to the conclusion that ‘trail hunting’ is a cover for hunting with dogs”.
A total of 76,816 votes were cast for the motion, with 38,184 votes against and 18,047 abstentions.
The results of the vote are not binding, but the board of trustees is expected to consider the outcome following Saturday’s annual general meeting.
Animal-lovers, who had lobbied members hard to back a ban, were jubilant.
With the trust owning 620,000 acres of land, the ballot was seen as having the potential to disrupt the future of foxhunting in England because a ban will severely restrict space for the bloodsport.
Together with other major landowners, the charity suspended “trail-hunting” a year ago after a leak of Zoom meetings at which hunt chiefs from across the UK discussed how to create “a smokescreen”.
The webinars led to Mark Hankinson, director of the Masters of Foxhounds Association, being convicted of encouraging people to illegally chase wild animals and being ordered to pay £3,500.
Hunts insist they go “trail-hunting” – following a trail laid with an artificial scent – to stay within the law after hunting mammals with dogs was outlawed in 2005. The trust had allowed this on its land ever since.
But hunt saboteurs who have repeatedly filmed hunts out riding with hounds insist the claim is a sham to cover up continued illegal foxhunting.
The National Trust vote on banning “trail-hunting”, exempt hunting and exercising hounds had divided animal-loving members, some of whom gave up their membership as a protest. Others had argued it was important to remain a member to have a vote this time round.
Four years ago members who backed a ban were in uproar when they narrowly lost the vote after the board used discretionary proxy votes to defeat the motion, prompting claims of unfairness.
When Hankinson was convicted, deputy chief magistrate Tan Ikram said of his talk to the webinar: “The only reasonable interpretation of those words leads to the conclusion that a need to make something plausible is only necessary if it is a sham and a fiction.”
30/10/21 – National Trust members vote to ban trail hunting amid concerns it is a ‘cover’ for hunting with dogs
Trail hunting involves people on foot or horseback following a scent along a pre-determined route with hounds or beagles without foxes being deliberately chased or killed.
Members of the National Trust have voted to ban trail hunting over fears it is being used as a “smokescreen” for chasing and killing foxes.
Trail hunting involves people on foot or horseback following a scent along a pre-determined route with hounds or beagles without foxes being deliberately chased or killed.
Voters who supported a motion to prohibit the activity on trust land state that “overwhelming evidence leads to the conclusion that ‘trail hunting’ is a cover for hunting with dogs”.
Saturday’s vote saw a total of 76,816 votes were cast for the ban, with 38,184 votes against and 18,047 abstentions.
The board of trustees is expected to consider the vote result following Saturday’s annual general meeting – since it is only advisory and not legally binding.
Demonstrators from the UK-based animal welfare charity League Against Cruel Sports gathered outside Harrogate Convention Centre in North Yorkshire as the event was being held in support of the ban.
Andy Knott, chief executive of the charity, welcomed the result, saying: “Enough is enough. Now the membership has voted to permanently end it, we must insist the National Trust’s trustees listen and act.
“The trust must ban ‘trail’ hunting on its land for good. Other landowners should take note and immediately follow suit.”
However, Countryside Alliance, which campaigned against the motion, said Saturday’s outcome represents a “tiny proportion” of national membership and therefore gives no mandate.
The Hunting Act 2004 banned the hunting of wild mammals with dogs in England and Wales.
Last November, the National Trust and Forestry England suspended licences for trail hunting on their land in light of a police investigation into webinars involving huntsmen discussing the practice.
The vote also comes several weeks after prominent huntsman Mark Hankinson was convicted after giving advice about how to covertly carry out illegal fox hunts.
Hankinson, director of the Masters of Foxhounds Association, was found guilty at Westminster Magistrates’ Court of intentionally encouraging huntsmen to use legal trail hunting as “a sham and a fiction” for the unlawful chasing and killing of animals via two webinars held in August last year.
WAV Posts associated:
The judge ordered him to pay £3,500, and concluded that he was “clearly encouraging the mirage of trail laying to act as cover for old fashioned illegal hunting”.
Polly Portwin, the Countryside Alliance’s director of the campaign for hunting, argued that adopting the motion “would totally undermine the Trust’s own motto: ‘for everyone, for ever'”.
She said the alliance remains ready to work with the trust “to ensure that everyone can have confidence that trail hunting activity is open, transparent and legitimate”, adding there is “absolutely no mandate for prohibition of a legal activity which has been carried out on National Trust land for generations”.
Link: With lots more news all about this; visit the LACS site – link given below.
COP26 is the 2021 United Nations climate change conference
For nearly three decades the UN has been bringing together almost every country on earth for global climate summits – called COPs – which stands for ‘Conference of the Parties’. In that time climate change has gone from being a fringe issue to a global priority.
This year will be the 26th annual summit – giving it the name COP26. With the UK as President, COP26 takes place in Glasgow.
In the run up to COP26 the UK is working with every nation to reach agreement on how to tackle climate change. World leaders will arrive in Scotland, alongside tens of thousands of negotiators, government representatives, businesses and citizens for twelve days of talks.
Not only is it a huge task but it is also not just yet another international summit. Most experts believe COP26 has a unique urgency.
The importance of the Paris Agreement
COP21 took place in Paris in 2015.
For the first time ever, something momentous happened: every country agreed to work together to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees and aim for 1.5 degrees, to adapt to the impacts of a changing climate and to make money available to deliver on these aims.
The Paris Agreement was born. The commitment to aim for 1.5 degrees is important because every fraction of a degree of warming will result in the loss of many more lives lost and livelihoods damaged.
Under the Paris Agreement, countries committed to bring forward national plans setting out how much they would reduce their emissions – known as Nationally Determined Contributions, or ‘NDCs’.
They agreed that every five years they would come back with an updated plan that would reflect their highest possible ambition at that time.
Glasgow is the moment for countries to update their plans
The run up to this year’s summit in Glasgow is the moment (delayed by a year due to the pandemic) when countries update their plans for reducing emissions.
But that’s not all. The commitments laid out in Paris did not come close to limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees, and the window for achieving this is closing.
The decade out to 2030 will be crucial.
So as momentous as Paris was, countries must go much further than they did even at that historic summit in order to keep the hope of holding temperature rises to 1.5 alive. COP26 needs to be decisive.
Which leaders will go to COP, and who will Cop Out !
Posted on 22/05/2019 by Jonty Whittleton and Monica List in the “Animals in farming blog”
The number of chickens in factory farming who are suffering and dying every day is staggering. We take a look at the chicken crisis that’s exploding around the world.
Too big a problem to comprehend
There comes a point where the size of a problem does little to make it more potent.
Climate change is a classic example – the vast, often-complex nature of our warming planet has been a big hurdle for those with the job of convincing policy makers and the public at large that we face a genuine emergency.
Seven-day-old broiler chickens in a commercial farming system
And the same effect can be seen with animal welfare, specifically, chickens and other factory farmed animals who are suffering daily. The story of a single suffering creature always seems to motivate people in a way that tales of mass suffering always seem to fail to do.
It makes sense; our brains are hard-wired to prioritise stories over scale.
The scale of suffering for factory farmed chickens
The scale of suffering is important to us as animal welfare campaigners, showing us where we can improve the lives of the greatest number of animals. And there’s no better example of suffering at scale than the factory farming of chickens (perhaps with the exception of fish and shellfish, but that’s for another day).
Let’s be frank; industrial chicken production is one of the biggest causes of animal cruelty in the world.
The problem for the modern chicken
When we talk about meat chickens, we mean the cookie-cutter, white-feathered ones who teeter around on legs that can barely take the mass of their immense breasts.
32-day-old broiler meat chicken in a commercial indoor farming system
These animals have been genetically ‘tuned’ to maximise weight gain at all cost. And it’s a hefty cost that these animals must pay, in the form of painful lameness, skin lesions, leg fractures, breathing difficulties and even heart failure.
These animals are only 40 days old when they’re slaughtered and consumed – still just babies, not that you’d know it to look at them.
And the houses in which these giants are reared add insult to injury. Factory farm conditions for these animals are extremely poor.
The barren sheds are stuffed full of chickens and provide little to keep these naturally curious, playful animals from abject boredom.
Rest is a constant challenge, as most sheds don’t provide more than four hours of ‘darkness’ at a time. And for most of the time, the chickens are bathed in harsh artificial light and crammed in alongside tens or even hundreds of thousands of other chickens.
Imagine being forced to gain an unhealthy amount of weight while spending your whole life in a poorly lit, window-less, cramped, unfurnished flat with nothing to do.
Not fun, right? It would be quite a job to design a less appropriate house for a living, breathing, feeling animal.
‘You Can’t Be A Meat-Eating Environmentalist’ Declares New Campaign Aimed At COP26
WAV Comment: Credit where it is due – we know its politics and votes at the end of the day, but we will say clearly that Boris Johnson – UK Prime Minister (and NO relation – a surname only thing !) is trying his best to do something about the global environmental issue. It is the Chinese and Russian leaders who are not even attending who are showing their real national colours about a situation that effects the entire planet and every one of us.
Other leaders, like Scott (I love fossil fuels like coal) Morrison, the PM of Australia, have been hauled kicking and screaming to the conference; not wanting to, but being given little choice really by HM the Queen, and other (British) commonwealth politicians who are all doing their bit to improve the global situation.
Scott Morrison – I love coal !, sod the climate.
Anyway, the excellent bus campaign now adorning buses around the streets of Glasgow, venue for the conference; urging people to go vegan for the sake of the planet; is sending a message loud and clear on the streets of the conference venue.
Well done all concerned.
COP26 has come under fire for its decision to serve meat, including beef, at the upcoming summit
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) has launched a campaign aimed at the world leaders attending COP26 this year. The initiative urges them to go vegan for the sake of the planet – a message that’s sent loud and clear via the sides of half a dozen buses.
PETA, said to be the largest animal rights organization in the world, launched the campaign in Glasgow, where the United Nations’ climate change conference is being held this year. It’s the 26th event of its kind.
The advertisement will appear on buses that run through the city center, including past the Scottish Event Campus where COP26 will take place from October 31 to November 12, 2021.
“You can’t be a meat-eating environmentalist. Take Personal Responsibility: Go Vegan,” the bus ads reads. The campaign will run until November 14.
COP26 unites world leaders with the shared goal of protecting the planet from the escalating climate emergency. There, they will conjure up strategies to reduce emissions, pollution, and deforestation, for example.
But some have criticized COP26 for overlooking the food system’s impact on the planet. Animal farming practices, in particular, are resource-intensive and responsible for huge amounts of greenhouse gas emissions.
As a consequence, environmentalists have called on the conference to serve only vegan food.
However, despite promising to focus on plant-based meals, COP26’s menu still features dishes like turkey, salmon, and beef. The latter has repeatedly been identified as one of the most destructive foods to produce.
“The UN has stated that a global shift to vegan eating is necessary to combat the worst effects of climate change,” commented PETA Senior Campaigns Manager Kate Werner. “PETA’s ad blitz is a wake-up call to anyone who can look at a plate of sausage or black pudding without considering the environmental impact of these foods – or the animals who suffered for them.”
Shoppers Caught Out By Hand Sanitiser ‘Filled With Blood’ In Vegan Stunt
With the government not ‘taking the climate crisis seriously’ the activists took it into their own hands – by getting fake blood on others’
Vegan activists are hijacking hand sanitizer stations outside meat and fast-food stores with fake blood. It’s hoped the ‘caught red-handed’ scheme will encourage people to rethink their food choices and go vegan.
Hand sanitizers filled with fake blood
Activists took to south London this week, where they positioned hand sanitizer stations outside McDonald’s and KFC outlets, as well as a butchery.
As customers left venues in Brixton and Clapham high street, they went to clean their hands only to be met with fake blood.
While many were shocked, others welcomed the stunt. And one shopper reportedly said they would consider cutting down their meat intake.
The activists, known only as Jane and Gaby, said the point was to leave people’s consciences stained as well as their hands.
Moreover, McDonald’s and KFC were chosen as meat features heavily on their menus.
Activists encourage public to go vegan
In a statement sent to PBN, the activists said: “We thought that if the government isn’t going to take the climate crisis seriously and the role that the consumption of meat plays in this, then we would have to get the general public to take notice.
“We thought hand sanitizing stations were perfect as it taps into a current everyday behavior.
“And, also doubles up as a metaphor to show that the responsibility of eating less meat is in everyone’s individual hands.”
WAV Comment: People across the world need to change their habits to purchasing locally produced food. This cuts down on Carbon footprint – simple !
We hope this move by the UK government will encourage farmers to get animals out of intensive systems and move them back to the land. If they are to be paid subsidies for going greener, then this is the route they must take.
Also, it will encourage ‘less Green’ nations such as Australia to step up to the plate and make their green credentials better, if they want to sell their exported meat in the UK. We will always and only support people moving to a vegan (plant based) diet, for many reasons; but we also accept that there will always be some who want to continue eating meat.
If this is the case, get the animals out of intensive systems and move them back on the land. Hopefully, if UK farmers will be given subsidies to do this, it will be a massive positive for future animal welfare.
Above – a free range pig farm in Suffolk, England.
Meat taxes will make British farmers go greener, says George Eustice
The farming minister has signalled his support for meat taxes, in an interview with The Telegraph.
On the eve of the Cop26 summit in Glasgow, George Eustice has said that the UK will need to “move into the realms of things like carbon taxes” when existing EU agricultural subsidies are finally phased out.
Any new tax could, however, raise the price of red meat. Mr Eustice said that according to the Government’s own modelling, prices were already set to increase in real terms by 10 per cent over the next five years.
Mr Eustice told The Telegraph that a planned restructuring of the £3.5 billion EU agricultural subsidies would encourage farmers to produce higher-welfare and more environmentally friendly food over the next seven years.
But he added: “Beyond that, you then start to move into the realms of things like carbon taxes. But we need to do the thinking about it now.”
It comes as Boris Johnson warned that civilisation could fall once again like the Roman Empire if the world failed to make sufficient progress on curbing climate change.
Speaking on Friday night as he landed in Rome for the G20 summit, the Prime Minister said being in the Eternal City should serve as a “fantastic reminder” and a “memento mori” that societies could go “backwards as well as forwards”.
“You saw that with the decline and fall of the Roman Empire and I’m afraid to say it’s true today, that unless we get this right in tackling climate change we could see our civilisation, our world, also go backwards.”
Mr Johnson then deployed a football analogy to warn that humanity was currently “5-1 down” at half-time against the “formidable opponent” that is global warming.
The new carbon taxation system raised by Mr Eustice would be introduced after 2027, by which time the Brexit transition period for agricultural subsidies would have come to an end.
He said carbon border taxes would also be brought in and their purpose “would be to encourage countries like Australia, like New Zealand, to tackle their own greenhouse gas emissions”.
Mr Eustice said: “If there are other countries in the world that don’t pull their weight, and don’t do their share, you know, at some point you will have to find a way of reflecting that in international trade.”
He said: “The Treasury and BEIS [the business department] are doing a piece of work on this. Ideally for it to work obviously it would be agreed multilaterally.”
He added: “All of this is supposes that you would move in the direction of carbon emissions trading” first in the UK agriculture sector.