Coronavirus pandemic in France: Authorities cull minks after finding virus at farm – France 24
French authorities ordered the culling of all minks in a farm after analysis showed a mutated version of the coronavirus was circulating among the animals. The French government said in a statement Sunday that about 1,000 minks have been culled and all animal products have been eliminated in the farm located west of Paris.
Now France slaughters its mink: Up to 1,000 animals are culled at farm in western France after Covid positive test after cases in Denmark, Sweden, Greece and the Netherlands
Mink infected with coronavirus been found in France and are set to be culled
One thousand mink will be slaughtered after tests identified the virus at a farm
Officials locked down swathes of northern Denmark where variant originated.
Mink infected with coronavirus have been found in France and are set to be culled after the virus was detected at a farm in the western part of the country.
One thousand mink will be slaughtered after tests identified the virus at a farm in the Eure-et-Loire region of western France after the country started testing its four mink farms in mid-November.
It comes after officials locked down swathes of northern Denmark where a new Covid-19 variant originated and ordered the culling of 17million mink earlier this month in a bid to stomp out the strain before it became widespread.
Cases in mink have also been reported elsewhere in Europe, notably in Sweden, Greece and the Netherlands.
A French Ministry spokesman said: ‘At this stage, tests have shown the virus circulating in an Eure-et-Loire farm.
‘A second farm is unscathed. Tests are still under way in the last two farms, with results expected during the week.’
The new Covid-19 variant — called Cluster 5 — caused global panic after it was found to be resistant to antibodies, substances made by the body to fight off infections.
It was feared Cluster 5 would be able to slip past promising new Covid-19 vaccines, which work by stimulating an antibody response.
Officials locked down swathes of northern Denmark where the strain originated and ordered the culling of 17million mink earlier this month in a bid to stomp out the variant before it became widespread.
In a statement today, the country’s health ministry said there had been ‘no new cases of Cluster 5 since September 15’ which led it to conclude it ‘has most likely been eradicated’.
Scientists believe the mutant virus jumped from fur farm workers to mink in the summer before it was passed back to humans. As it crossed between species, a mutation occurred on its ‘spike’ protein, which it uses to enter human cells. It was significant because the leading vaccine candidates work by targeting this protein.
When news about the new strain broke earlier this month, Britain banned non-British citizens returning from Denmark and introduced strict quarantine rules for any Brit who’d recently returned from the country.
At the time, UK Health Secretary Matt Hancock warned the mutated could have ‘grave consequences’ if it became widespread.
The Danish health ministry said in a statement on Thursday : ‘There have been no new cases of the Cluster 5 mink mutation since September 15, which has led to the Danish infectious disease authority SSI to conclude that this variant has most likely been eradicated.’
The Government said most of the strict lockdown rules imposed on November 5 on seven municipalities in North Jutland would be lifted on Friday. They had originally been due to stay in place until December 3.
Cluster 5 has only been found in 13 people living in the region, which is home to 280,000 people.
All minks in the seven municipalities have been culled, totalling 10.2 million, and the slaughter is still ongoing in other parts of the country.
With three times more minks than people, the Scandinavian country is the world’s biggest exporter, selling pelts for around £596million ($792m) annually, and the second-biggest producer behind China.
Farmers living in regions of Denmark not affected by the mutated strain of Covid-19 are still allowed to sell mink fur — but must still kill all their livestock this month.
Five different strains of mutant mink coronavirus have been spotted in 214 people in Denmark since June.
Analysis by Denmark’s State Serum Institute revealed only Cluster 5 was less sensitive to antibodies.
Antibodies are disease-fighting proteins made and stored by the immune system to fight off invaders in the future by latching onto their spike proteins.
But if they are unable to recognise proteins because they have mutated, it means the body may struggle to attack a virus the second time and lead to a second infection.
It raised fears the new strain could be harder to treat or vaccinate against.
It is not uncommon for viruses to be able to jump between humans and other animals – which was also the case for H5N1, or bird flu, and H1N1, swine flu.
The sole purpose of any virus is to replicate as many times as possible. So when a virus jumps from one species to another it naturally mutates to adapt to a new host.
With Covid-19, tiny changes in its DNA occurred when it was passed to mink. It means that when the virus was passed back to humans its biology was different, so it may behave differently to other strains while inside humans.
It’s not just mink: Foxes and raccoon dogs on fur farms ‘may infect humans with coronaviruses’, scientists warn
Exclusive: The whole industry has the potential to act as a virus factory, say animal-welfare activists
Other animals reared for their fur – such as foxes and raccoon dogs – can catch coronaviruses and pass it to humans, scientists have warned, after millions of mink across Europe were culled over fears they could spread Covid-19.
The World Organisation for Animal Health has advised countries to monitor for infection “susceptible animals, such as mink and racoon dogs”, as well as humans in close contact with them.
A scientific paper this summer warned that raccoon dogs “are susceptible to and efficiently transmit” Covid-19 and “may serve as intermediate host” for it – meaning they may transmit Covid-19 to people.
It prompted animal-protection lobbyists to claim “all fur farming has the potential to act as a virus factory”.
A scientific paper in 2004 reported that foxes in a wildlife market in Guanzhou, China, were found to have been infected with Sars-CoV, which causes Sars, another type of coronavirus.
It’s estimated that more than 32 million foxes and raccoon dogs are held in fur farms around the world, their pelts mostly destined for markets in Asia.
An outbreak of coronavirus in mink in Denmark earlier this month prompted the country to begin a cull of all 17 million of the animals on its fur farms. Some were suffering a mutated form of the virus, which infected more than 200 people.
Governments in four other countries – Spain, Greece, the Netherlands and Ireland – have also issued orders or advice to cull their farmed mink populations.
Experts are worried that the new human coronavirus vaccines may not be effective against mutated strains.
The British Fur Trade Association insists that species other than mink, “such as fox and wild fur” are not affected by the virus. It says fur farms worldwide have put in place extensive biosecurity measures after the mink outbreaks.
But the paper by 17 scientists stated that raccoon dogs “were suspected as potential intermediate host for both SARS-CoV6 and SARS-CoV2”. The authors wrote: “Rapid, high-level virus shedding, in combination with minor clinical signs and pathohistological changes… highlight the role of raccoon dogs as a potential intermediate host.
“The results are highly relevant for control strategies and emphasise the risk that raccoon dogs may represent a potential SARS-CoV-2 reservoir.”
Raccoon dogs in a wildlife market in Shenzhen, China, were also found to have been infected with Sars.
Christian Drosten, director the Institute of Virology at the Charité Hospital in Berlin, has even suggested fur-farm raccoon dogs, rather than pangolins, were the source of Covid-19, telling The Guardian earlier this year: “Raccoon dogs are a massive industry in China, where they are bred on farms and caught in the wild for their fur. If somebody gave me a few hundred thousand bucks and free access to China to find the source of the virus, I would look in places where raccoon dogs are bred.”
Most zoonotic diseases in modern times, from the 1918 flu pandemic onwards, have had animal origins, with viruses infecting humans emerging from birds, farmed animals and wild hunted animals.
The stress of being caged literally drives animals mad and also suppresses their immunity, making them especially susceptible to disease, scientists say.
Globally, 94 million animals are farmed for their fur, including 61 million mink, 20.1 million foxes and 12.4 million raccoon dogs, according to figures from Humane Society International, with China the biggest single fur-producing country.
The UK has banned fur farming but still imports of real fur. The value of imports rose from about £55m in 2016 to £70m-£75m in the following two years, but then last year fell back to £55.9m last year, according to HMRC figures.
Raccoon dogs, which originate in Asia and are distant cousins of foxes, are a separate species from raccoons, natives of America.
Claire Bass, executive director of Humane Society International (HSI) who has visited fur farms, said: “Fox and raccoon dogs who are reared for fur in their millions across Europe, China and north America can also become infected with SARS-CoV-related viruses, and considering the appalling conditions in which these animals are forced to live, it’s little wonder that fur farms have the potential to act like virus factories.
“If we learn anything from the tragic scenes of mink culls, it must be that we cannot continue to exploit and push animals beyond the limit of their endurance, not only causing them immense suffering but also putting human lives at risk, all for a frivolous fur fashion item that nobody needs.”
HSI says the fur trade has been “in freefall” for several years, with average pelt prices at auction houses dropping and growing numbers of financial institutions, including Standard Chartered and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, adopting policies not to invest in the trade.
Ms Bass said the fact that the virus had spread and mutated within stressed mink populations was “another major nail in the coffin” of the fur industry, and accused the UK of being complicit in the cruelty by importing fur.
A spokesperson for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs said: “Fur farming has rightly been banned in this country for nearly 20 years. Once our future relationship with the EU has been established, there will be an opportunity for the government to consider further steps it could take in relation to fur sales.
“We have also co-created the leaders’ pledge for nature, which includes a commitment to working globally to address the links between how we treat our planet and the emergence of infectious diseases.”
The Independent has asked the British Fur Trade Association and the International Fur Federation to comment.
Avian influenza outbreak in France, Croatia, and Bavaria 20th November 2020
After cases of avian influenza in parts of Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Sweden, Ireland, and Great Britain, which can be assigned to bird migration, France, Croatia and parts of Bavaria bordering Austria have now also reported cases.
This also increases the risk of an epidemic outbreak in Austria, the Ministry of Health warned in a broadcast yesterday.
The precautionary measures must be strengthened, “all necessary precautions are taken to be able to react quickly to outbreaks in Austria,” it said.
The national reference laboratory in the Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES) has prepared itself for the examination of any samples that may accumulate and has made a risk assessment. There is also close contact with the economy, especially with the poultry industry. The call to increase biosecurity measures in poultry farms has already been issued.
According to the ministry, a task force for avian influenza is preparing the first measures. Wild birds found dead (especially ducks and other waterfowl) should be reported to the responsible authorities, the health department appealed.
The strain currently identified (H5N8) is not dangerous for humans and is not transmitted via food.
And I mean…At the moment the animal farms consist only of animal corpses.
The mass murder of poultry is definitely imminent.
We had it with the wild boars in Germany, with the minks in Denmark, with the pigs in Tönnies …it has meanwhile become systemically relevant
By then, more antibiotics will be given to the poultry, the meat-eaters are calmed down, but the ultimate solution is always mass murder.
And the population prays to the God of the meat mafia…our daily meat Give us every day.
An investigation by Tras los Muros (Glass Walls )- Author: Aitor Garmendia (Photographer for Animal Liberation)
Factory. The industrial exploitation of pigs.
With a population of more than 30 million, the Spanish pig sector has established itself as the largest producer of live pigs in the European Union, and in 2020 it is expected that the number of animals sent to the slaughterhouse will exceed that of Germany, a country that in these moments ranks first.
In July 2019, a slaughterhouse and the largest pig cutting plant in Europe began its activity in Binéfar, in the province of Huesca. It is estimated that it will lead to the death of160,000 pigs a week. Under the relentless rhythm of production, animals suffer from systematic exploitation and institutional helplessness.
The images presented in this work as well as the description are representative of the standards in which the industrial exploitation of pigs is developed.
Between 2019 and 2020 I, Aitor Garmendia, have accessed, together with a research team made up of people who have chosen to remain anonymous, to 32 pig farms located in Castilla y León,Aragón, and Castilla-La Mancha.
In them, I have verified and documented the consequences of the structural violence that takes place under the standards of the livestock industry.
Veterinary neglect, non-compliance with the animal welfare law, and the abuses described below are not isolated cases, but rather an inherent part of industrial animal husbandry and exploitation systems.
At the factory farm
More than 95% of the pork meat consumed in Spain comes from intensive farming systems. The farms can be closed-cycle and contain all phases of production (gestation, farrowing, and fattening) in one or more locations geographically close or may be dedicated to covering
All farms operate under similar standards and are governed by the same regulations.
Regardless of their size or their structure in phases, the quality of life of the pigs is compromised in any of them, be these large farms or small facilities managed by families.In their houses, pigs for meat production are housed on concrete floors in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions, and females selected for their reproductive capacity spend part of their lives trapped in iron frames.
Área de gestación Aragon 2019
Confinement prevents the natural behavior of pigs, which, like their ancestors, must be able to develop for their well-being.The frustration of your interests and needs leads to numerous health problems.
Unlike other species, pigs lack sweat glands, and their ability to dissipate heat is very limited. If they have the right conditions, they look for cool places, streams, and puddles to take mud baths or rest.
However, on intensive breeding farms the temperatures can be very high – something common in hot months – and given the impossibility of accessing a place to cool off, they have no choice but to wallow in their excrement.
Eye injury-Castilla-La Mancha 2020
Power, propaganda, and right to information
The industry invests millions of euros in propaganda – part of it coming from public funds – in order to project an idea that does not conform to what actually happens.
After a two-year career working undercover inside several factory farms, Animal Outlook investigator Erin Wing now reveals her identity, stepping out of the shadows to shine a light on the stomach-churning horrors she witnessed at her most recent — and last — investigation at Dick Van Dam Dairy, a factory farm in Southern California.
While there, Erin documented some of the most egregious cruelties she has seen in her career, along with barbaric (yet standard) dairy industry practices. She was also able to rescue a calf who now lives at a sanctuary (more on the calf rescue below).
What Erin witnessed was one of many dairy farms in its death throes with innocent cows caught in the middle of a battle between a world progressing and an industry fighting tooth and nail to keep us entrenched in the past.
This shocking footage underscores the urgency to end this inherently cruel industry once and for all. It’s time for consumers to ditch dairy, and for companies like Dean Foods to pivot to vegan products.
Animal Outlook’s undercover footage revealed:
• Cows so sick or injured they are unable to walk subjected to extremely cruel treatment by workers who sprayed them in the face with high powered water hoses; kicked, jabbed and shocked them; and closed metal gates on them.
• Workers routinely lifting these so-called “downer” cows with a tractor and dragging them with a metal device called a “hip clamp.” They lifted one suffering cow this way and dangled her almost 20 feet in the air to move her over a wall, and then dragged her backward over a cement slab.
• Sick cows left to suffer without medication, veterinary care or euthanasia. They languished for days until they died on their own, with no access to food or water while they were unable to stand.
• Workers and a manager hitting cows with wooden canes and metal pipes in daily acts of extreme aggression and violence, sometimes as a form of retaliation against the animals.
• Workers and managers punching and kicking cows, and twisting their tails.
• Squalid and filthy conditions – cows forced to walk through thick feces and newborn calves unable to escape thousands of flies covering their fragile bodies.
• Shocking mortality rates of cows and calves, as well as high rates of injuries and illnesses – likely resulting from the putrid conditions and lack of care and treatment. One calf was born dead, and was pulled roughly from his or her mother. The mother cow didn’t have the benefit of pain management during this incredibly painful and rough incident.
• Cows repeatedly shocked with an electric prod as they were taken away to slaughter.
• Workers cruelly using automated gates to try to force cows to move in tightly packed spaces.
Turning hidden cameras into instruments of truth, undercover investigators are on the front lines of justice for animals — and consumers. Erin’s courage resulted in hidden camera footage that is changing the way the world sees what — and who — they’re eating. And the against-all-odds rescue of two young calves.
In more ways than one, dairy is dead on arrival. Cows must be pregnant in order to produce milk, so calves are mere byproducts to the industry. At Dick Van Dam, a slow and painful death was commonplace for calves. In one instance, a stillborn calf was pulled violently from his suffering mother. Many living calves were simply left in the hot California sun, covered in flies and slowly dying.
Meanwhile, consumers are slowly but surely realizing that the milk they drink does not come from happy cows, but relies on the broken bond between mother and child, and the violent exploitation of these individuals’ bodies. The dairy industry is dying, but not fast enough.
We also followed a truck carrying so-called “spent” cows from the factory farm to a stockyard. Later, we documented trucks going from that stockyard to American Beef Packers (ABP), the site of the former Westland/Hallmark Beef Packing plant that closed down after issuing a massive beef recall following the Humane Society of the United States’ 2008 undercover investigation, raising the question of whether this facility’s cows are ending up killed at this infamous site. ABP currently sells beef to the federal government for its National School Lunch Program.
Animal Outlook submitted investigative materials to county law enforcement agencies. Despite our overwhelming video evidence depicting dozens of apparent violations of California’s laws against animal cruelty and neglect, local law enforcement declined to recommend criminal charges. However, we are still actively pursuing justice for these animals through other means. And after reviewing the investigation, the Animal Legal Defense Fund filed a lawsuit against Dick Van Dam Dairy and the individuals caught on camera for violating state and local animal cruelty laws.
When you go vegan, it’s great to share your new, kinder way of living with family and friends. Many people are completely unaware of the impact that their food choices have on animals, the environment, and their own health – but you can help open their eyes. An easy way to do that is by inviting them to watch one of the following documentaries with you.
Dominion: Created by Australian director Chris Delforce, this powerful feature-length film shows footage from farms and slaughterhouses across Australia, crushing the myth that what happens to animals used for food, clothing, or entertainment is in any way humane. You can stream this documentary for free online.
Earthlings: Many vegans consider Earthlings to be essential viewing for all meat-eaters. The powerful documentary takes an in-depth look at the way we treat other animals, showing viewers why we’ve got to be more compassionate towards other sentient beings.
Cowspiracy: This film offers a comprehensive look at the effects of food production on greenhouse-gas emissions, deforestation, water consumption, species extinction, ocean “dead zones”, and pollution – and it’s available to stream on Netflix.
What the Health: Promoted as “the health film that health organizations don’t want you to see”, What the Health exposes the consequences of eating meat, eggs, and dairy and makes you wonder, Why isn’t this common knowledge? We hope it will be soon, especially since the documentary is available on Netflix.
Forks Over Knives: This documentary examines the profound claim that most, if not all, of the degenerative diseases that afflict us can be controlled, or even reversed, by rejecting animal-based and processed foods.
Lucent: This feature-length documentary explores the darker side of Australia’s pig-farming industry through a combination of hand-held and hidden camera footage, highlighting the day-to-day cruelty accepted by the industry as standard practice.
Unity: Despite the advent of science, literature, technology, philosophy, religion, and so on, nothing has prevented humankind from killing one another and other animals and despoiling nature. Unity is a film that explores why we can’t seem to get along, even after thousands and thousands of years.
Fast Food Nation: This film was inspired by the book of the same name, which examines the fast-food industry. It covers everything from cruelty to animals to the treatment of employees.
Gods in Shackles: This one is not food-related – it’s about the shocking cruelty to elephants who are used in processions and temples in Kerala.
Blackfish: This one isn’t food-related, either, but it’s an excellent film for raising awareness of the plight of animals among people you’re introducing to the concept of eating vegan. It’s about Tilikum, a now-deceased orca who was held at the US-based captive animal marine park SeaWorld. This powerful documentary resulted in a tremendous backlash against the park, once one of America’s more celebrated attractions.
Okja: This Netflix original movie directed by Bong Joon-ho (also known for Snowpiercer and Parasite) and starring Ahn Seo-hyun, Tilda Swinton, Paul Dano, and Jake Gyllenhaal is fiction, but it has helped many people consider the plight of real animals and led them to eat vegan. It follows Mija, a young girl who fights to save her best friend – a massive “super-pig” hybrid named Okja – from the meat company Mirando.
The Game Changers: A UFC fighter’s world is turned upside down when he discovers an elite group of world-renowned athletes and scientists who prove that everything he had been taught about protein was a lie. It’s available to stream on Netflix.
Sharing your vegan pledge with family and friends can help you stay on track and be a very rewarding experience. Remember: the more people who take the pledge, the more animals will be protected.
WAV Comment – So it takes something like Covid before ‘experts’ like Dr Holohan, the Chief Medical Officer; decides that something needs to be done. It sounds idiotic to us – if Ireland had banned the industry years ago, then they would not be in the situation they are now – Denmark and all that.
Still they ignore all the advice, thinking they know better; being a ‘Dr’ and all that. Sounds like a fool to us; as he ignored all the evidence and requests for a ban for so long. Karma ! – as the Chief Medical Officer; what is the next trick he is going to pull out of his weary hat ?
As Mark says, terrible that so many animals will die; but their deaths will not be in vain. A very hard lesson to the Danish and Irish governments who think (?) they know best; but have been shown to be fools. If these deaths mean the demise of the Irish fur trade then we welcome that; if only government fools would listen earlier; like years ago !
Ireland’s mink to be culled and not replaced
The Republic of Ireland’s Chief Medical Officer has advised the government to cull the mink on Ireland’s three mink farms, as a precautionary measure. The government is likely to follow this advice.
Further, it is expected that the mink farmers will not be allowed to replace the animals, so it appears that fur farming is about to end.
Official confirmation has not yet been issued but Respect for Animals understand that fur factory farming in Ireland will finally cease. There is already a commitment in the Programme for Government to phase out mink farming in Ireland.
According to the World Health Organisation, health authorities in Denmark reported cases of Covid-19 that were caused by a mink fur farm associated strain of the novel coronavirus.
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control confirmed, on 12 November, that the mink Covid mutation “could also have an impact on the effectiveness of developed vaccines”.
In a letter to the Department of Agriculture, Dr Holohan, the Chief Medical Officer, said the presence of farmed minks presents “an ongoing risk to public health” if the Covid variant found in Denmark was to become “the dominant strain of the virus”.
He said all mink should be culled “as a matter of urgency”.
Respect for Animals has been a leader of the #FurFreeIreland campaign for a number of years. We are now working to get this development converted into a fur farming ban with the utmost urgency.
On Tuesday, Agriculture Minister Charlie McConalogue confirmed that they will “in due course commence the process of preparing a Bill to provide for the phased introduction of a ban on fur farming which will include a prohibition on mink farming. The Bill will make it illegal for any new fur farms to be established and will put in place phase out arrangements for the small number of current operators.”
Campaigns Director Mark Glover said:
“The news that thousands of mink will be killed is shocking and sad. However, the fact that fur factory farming- a cruel, unjustifiable industry- will cease in Ireland has to be welcomed.
We have campaigned for a Fur Free Ireland for many years and we are finally on the brink of a fur farming ban. Thank you to our friends at NARA and all campaigners and supporters who have helped make this possible.
It is now clear that fur farming is a disaster for animal welfare and a risk to human health.
It is a shame that it has taken a devastating pandemic to bring the cruel and unnecessary fur trade to its knees, but we now must ensure that this barbaric industry is stopped once and for all.”
Australian farm to hold 50,000 crocodiles for luxury Hermès goods questioned by animal welfare groups
Farm to supply skins to make handbags and shoes would be one of the biggest in Australia under plan approved by Northern Territory government
The high-end Frenchfashion brand Hermès wants to build one of Australia’s biggest crocodile farms in the Northern Territory that would hold up to 50,000 saltwater crocodiles to be turned into luxury goods such as handbags and shoes.
But the proposal has come under fire from animal welfare groups, who say other fashion brands have moved away from using exotic animal skins on cruelty grounds. Advocates told Guardian Australia they had concerns about the welfare of the crocodiles, and that farming animals for luxury goods was “no longer fashionable.”
The territory, a significant global supplier of crocodile skins, is already home to several crocodile farms owned by major fashion brands.
Northern Territory crocodile industry figure Mick Burns is leading the proposal on a former fruit farm near Darwin purchased earlier this year by the company PRI Farming, of which he is a director.
The NT government has already granted development approval for the project, with documents showing the farm would include an egg incubator laboratory, a hatchery, and growing pens, as well as wastewater treatment plants and a solar farm.
An EPA statement to the Guardian said the project had been granted environmental approval, and that PRI had also indicated it would apply for a wildlife trade permit.
Dr Jed Goodfellow, a senior policy officer at RSPCA Australia, said the society remained opposed to killing of any animal “where the purpose of their death is primarily to produce a non-essential luxury item like fur or skin”.
Vegan Groups Pledge To Provide 2,000 Plant-Based Meals To Those In Need Amid COVID-19
Million Dollar Vegan and Viva! will distribute the vegan meals to charities and foodbanks across the city of Bristol
Million Dollar Vegan and Viva! have pledged to provide 2,000 vegan meals to those in need during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Campaigners from both groups say their generosity will also help ‘highlight the risks of animal agriculture to public health’.
Hot vegan meals will be distributed to charities such as FareShare and Bristol Soup Run Trust, as well as food banks across Bristol, throughout November.Both organizations have been praised by local politicians including Kerry McCarthy, MP for Bristol East.
‘The impacts of climate change’
In a statement sent to PBN, McCarthy said: “Already, we’re seeing the impacts of climate change – forest fires, droughts, floods, storms, and heatwaves. These will only worsen over the coming years.
“Especially, if companies and governments continue with deforestation linked to the production of food and other commodities. “Thankfully, none of this is inevitable. But, to prevent it, we must make some changes in how we live – and eat – right now.
“I’m really pleased to see this support for Bristol organisations. [They] have done a brilliant job in responding to food poverty in the city, especially during the recent pandemic.”