Day: May 6, 2022

Canada: When it comes to animal rights, report finds Canada’s legal system needs improvement.

A new report from Humane Canada shows gaps remain when it comes to how animals are recognized in the law.

“All animals have a life worth living,” says Toolika Rastogi, the senior manager of policy and research at Humane Canada.

The organization’s vision is to have a society that not only embraces its responsibility for animals but also has legal accountability for them. (Humane Canada is a federation of SPCAs and human societies across the country.)

Their latest legal framework — titled The Legal Keystone Report — looks at 12 different indicators. Those indicators range from the the way laws are enforced and the way crime statistics for animal abuse are gathered and tracked to ethical questions like how animals are recognized in the law.

The report’s findings concluded: 

  1. In Canadian legislation, animal sentience is almost entirely unrecognized.
  2. A standardized animal welfare legislation across federal and provincial governments is needed for consistency.
  3. Policies for prosecution of animal welfare offences are absent and most provinces lack a formally-recognized Crown prosecutor who specializes in animal abuse.
  4. Across provinces, definition of offences, powers, and obligations can be inconsistent. Therefore, consistent and comprehensive approaches are needed in provincial legislation. 
  5. Except for bestiality cases tracked in the national sex offender registry, other crime reporting systems don’t incorporate cases of animal cruelty, or specifically identify them.
  6. Violence link is the relationship between violence toward humans, and violence toward animals, which should be addressed together. Few Canadian laws have started to address the violence link, but more provinces need to do so.
  7. Violence link training is being delivered to justice stakeholders through police organizations, non-governmental organizations, and provincial Crown association initiatives.
  8. The development of violence link training programs is crucial but so is the participation of justice stakeholders. 
  9. At the provincial level, there is little information about public allocation of funds for animal protection enforcement.
  10. Of the charges laid in animal abuse cases, there is little information on the number of cases where prosecution was pursued.
  11. Canada lacks an animal welfare advisory body that can support ethical decision-making that reflects Canadian values.
  12. Canada lacks a central body to coordinate on animal welfare issues, or ensure animal welfare and interests are considered.

Through its analysis, Humane Canada found that only one indicator ranked well, or was headed in the right direction: training of justice stakeholders, specifically in their knowledge of the violence link.

The violence link is the connection between interpersonal violence and violence against animals. 

“Many report that their animals are also impacted by that violence, so whether they are also being threatened or they are being harmed to essentially be used for coercion purposes by the perpetrator,” says Rastogi.

She also notes that one in two domestic abuse victims delayed leaving their abusive partners, and one in three women who are impacted by intimate partner violence considered returning to the violent situation for their animals.

“It’s a really important area of violence affecting all family members, whether the human or animal family members. Everybody is at risk in those kinds of violence situations,” she says.

There are some indicators that couldn’t be assessed due to a lack of information, she adds.

“There’s a need to prioritize this area more strongly. In areas that we care about where we want to ensure that we’re doing a good job, we’re tracking information,” says Rastogi.

“And where if there isn’t that interest or drive to ensure that something is working, then resources aren’t typically put into measuring. So, a lack of information in that context means it’s not being prioritized.”

A path to a more humane Canada

When the world shut down in 2020, many Canadians sought companion animals to get through the isolation periods. In fact, three million pets joined Canadian homes.

In B.C., people were more likely to get a dog than a cat.

Rastogi attributes the interest in animal rights to the pandemic pet boom.

“That really increased and resulted in people being a little bit more sensitive to how important animals are in our families and in our lives. They’re members of our families, and members of our community,” she says.

As Humane Canada continues the research project, exploring more than 40 indicators, Rastogi hopes that it will help people see where Canada could be improving on in regard to becoming a more humane Canadian society.

“There’s a great need for further work and in terms of becoming a humane country in terms of our legal system, being reflective of a humane Canada.”

Regards Mark

How humane is Canada towards animals? – Richmond News (

India: Animal rescue group endeavours to stop illegal sale of dogs in Dimapur.

Dimapur, May 4 (EMN): Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) Dimapur, an animal rescue group, along with the Dimapur Municipal Council (DMC), Veterinary department Dimapur and Dimapur Police conducted a surprise checking on illegal sale of dogs at Supermarket on Wednesday.

The first surprise checking was carried out in the presence of Gaon Bura Union (Sardar) president and general secretary.

The rescue team at Supermarket in Dimapur on Wednesday.

[Also read: Pet lovers in Nagaland campaign against animal cruelty]

A member of SPCA told Eastern Mirror that the exercise was planned a few days ago but most of the vendors, who used to openly sell dogs at Supermarket, were not around when the team visited on Wednesday.

“We supposed that they may have received the information on the checking as there were very few in the market with puppies,” said an animal rights activist.

As it was the first day of checking, the vendors were let off with stern warning against selling of dogs openly on the streets and within the market, said the animal rescue group, adding that most of the vendors were not aware of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 under Section 11(1), enacted to prevent cruelty to animals including stray dogs.

The vendors were made aware of the law; that if anyone is found openly selling dogs, cruelly tied up in sacks, they will be fined INR 500 or imprisoned for a period of three months and the dogs will be taken away to shelter home.

It may be mentioned that 90% of the dogs are sourced from Assam to the market in Nagaland especially in Dimapur and there are around minimum of 10 vendors selling the dogs at Supermarket unaware of the laws against it.

The rescue group said that although the fine amount was INR 500, which may be a lesser amount compared to the amount they may receive by selling a dog, the vendors may not risk to be imprisoned for three months.

It may be recalled that the DMC in coordination with the State Animal Welfare Advisory Board Nagaland (SAWAB-N) and Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) had cautioned any person dealing in any inhuman manner towards animals could be prosecuted as per the provision of the Act on April 21.

Also, the DMC administrator had notified all the concerned that the Prevention of Cruelty to Animal Act 1960 under Section 11 (1) protects all animals whether domestic or wild, which requires them to be treated in a humane way during transportation, rearing or even while being slaughtered for meat.

The SPCA informed that the surprise checking will be done at regular intervals and requested everyone to immediately inform them if they come across anybody selling dogs openly in the market in Dimapur through – 9774020656, 9884993292, 8837493971.

Animal rescue group endeavours to stop selling of dogs in Dimapur – Eastern Mirror (

Regards Mark

Italy: Investigation into the hidden trade of tigers in Italy.

Picture – LAV

6 May 2022


A new investigation from LAV has revealed that Italy is a leader in Europe in the trade and breeding of tigers, with an estimate of 85% of the existing big cats on the continent.

Tigers are severely endangered, currently reduced to about 12,000 individuals worldwide. Of these, only 3,900 are in their natural environment, while the remaining 8,100 are held in captivity.

Italy has no restriction on the reproduction of tigers and other big cats in captivity for sale, transfer, or rental.

The current regulatory system leaves circus and travelling entertainment companies free, or with very few prohibitions, to breed almost any type of animal, and to rent, sell, lend, hold them in cages and much more. However the draft law on wild and exotic animals, that was recently approved by the Italian Council of Ministers, must introduce a positive list of animals allowed to be kept as pets and strongly regulate the trade and keeping of these animals.

After discovering the plight of several tigers featured in the investigation, LAV immediately contacted AAP, which decided to start an animal recovery operation. AAP was able to move five tigers (Softi, Toph, Aqua, Merida, and Sanson) to their Primadomus rescue centre located in Villena, Spain. The tigers are fully recovering, thanks to the work of AAP’s dedicated staff.

Investigation into the hidden trade of tigers in Italy | Eurogroup for Animals

Regards Mark