Recent research by the Italian magazine “Repubblica” documents the animal suffering and environmental impact caused each year in Europe by illegal fishing.
The report, entitled “La Guerra del Tonno Rosso”, “The Bluefin Tuna War”, deals primarily with the problems that arise in connection with the commercial catch of a fish whose meat is internationally traded as a valuable commodity.
The market for bluefin tuna, also known as bluefin tuna, caught in the Mediterranean is worth billions of euros a year.
The high market value is decisively influenced by the demand from Japan, which, according to the Repubblica, consumes 90% of the tuna caught in the Mediterranean.
Animal Equality, has documented both the natural behavior of tunas underwater, and the plight of the bluefin tunas who are brutally killed. Bluefin tunas are able to feel pain and suffering like any other animal. This slaughter in Carloforte is a cruel practice that must stop immediately.
• Unnaturally high densities of tuna at the catching stage presented a significant stressor to individual animals.
• Fish were dragged from the ocean with giant sharp metal pick hooks and brought onboard ships.
• Extensive tissue damage was caused by the piercing, blunt hooks, and this is likely to have inflicted acute pain on the fish, who was still alive and conscious.
• The suspension of the tunas’ body weight caused the further tearing of tissues as a result of gravity working against the hook.
• The struggling, frantic movements of the tuna whilst suspended in the air indicated that the fish were in pain and stress.
• Fish were observed being repeatedly stabbed with knives in the thoracic (chest) region and major arteries, causing death via exsanguination.
• Animals were slaughtered in the presence of conspecifics which is likely to cause additional stress.
Every year, from late May to early June, hundreds of bluefin tuna are caught in traps called “tonnaras” as they migrate to their spawning areas.
“Tonnaras” is a complex system of nets in which the tuna are caught and then slaughtered.
Every year thousands of individuals suffer and die during the well-known “Tuna Slaughter of Carloforte” on the island of San Pietro.
In the Mediterranean, tuna are mainly caught in mobile traps.
However, fixed traps are still used during the slaughter of Carloforte off the southwestern coast of Sardinia.
On the migration to their spawning areas, the tuna are forced to swim through a system of fixed nets that lead into several enclosed areas.
After they have passed these “net tunnels”, they reach the “killing zone” where the animals are herded together and slaughtered.
All of this is accompanied by “Kill them!” – shouts of the “Rias”, an Arabic word that denotes those who are responsible for the killing.
At the beginning of the massacre, the tuna are driven up to the surface of the water in the “death zone” using the mobile nets.
Due to a lack of space and water, the animals bump into each other until they are completely exhausted. Inevitably, they injure themselves.
Shortly afterward, harpoons are drilled into their defenseless bodies.
The resulting picture of thousands of dying individuals struggling in panic is beyond imagination.
Bluefin tuna is now caught using quotas. This system limits the number of fish that can be caught each year worldwide. This number is divided and each state is given a number of quotas equal to the amount of fish that can be caught in a year.
For 2020, the global catch quota was set at 36 thousand tons, the highest since 2006.
This means that millions of tuna – legally or illegally – are caught using various methods and techniques, fattened, suffocated on ships or killed with harpoons. In addition to the legal, quota-regulated market for tuna fishing, illegal fisheries also hunt the tuna. According to the “Repubblica”, this uncontrolled, illegal fishing is worth at least 25 billion euros annually.
There are hardly any laws that protect the fish from these atrocities.
These sensitive animals are simply treated like objects. They suffer in silence because we cannot hear their screams.
However, images published by Animal Equality and other organizations show the brutality of tuna suffer during capture and slaughter.
They make it clear that the suffering inflicted on these animals is unnecessary and unacceptable.
Research published by “Repubblica” shows that the runaway market threatens not only the future of bluefin tuna but also that of other species and our seas.
And all to meet the high demand for fresh fish – an apparently insatiable hunger, the price of which the animals and our seas pay above all.
And I mean… We fish the oceans empty, soon it will be fished out.
Whether in a can, in a salad, on a pizza, or raw for sushi.
Almost every variation of tuna is in the supermarket.
In Germany, it ranks fourth among the most eaten edible fish.
It is precisely this uncontrolled greed for tuna that is fatal for the fish.
The tun stocks are already overfished. Despite the dramatic decline in stocks, the EU is still subsidizing tuna fishing.
Today six of the eight tuna species are already considered endangered. The southern bluefin tuna has even been classified as critically endangered by the IUCN, but it is still fished and fished at record prices in the markets.
But that’s not the only problem: If they want to catch tuna, they don’t just get tuna in the net. The bycatch of dolphins, whales, turtles, and sea birds such as albatrosses is shamelessly accepted.
And if unwanted animals have been caught, they are thrown back into the sea as “waste”, regardless of whether they are injured or even dead.
In addition, there are unfair fishing agreements: fishing nations such as Japan, Taiwan, Korea, China, and the European Union usually conclude socially unjust fishing agreements with poor coastal countries. In the end, only a fraction of the billion-dollar profits goes to developing countries.
With every new investigative work, everyone realizes that food is not everyone’s free choice.
Whoever eats meat – and that includes fish – cooperates with the fascist system of exploitation and slavery, operated by the meat mafia.
Meat-eating is complicity with this system.
My best regards to all, Venus