Day: August 8, 2020

England: Want to Pay NO Tax and have a Very Limited Crew John ? – Then Register Your Ship In Panama.

SARAH M photo

What with the Panama registered livestock ship (Sarah M) operating for Irish exporters taking Irish cattle to Libya; and the environmental disaster today relating to a ‘Japanese owned’ but Panama registered tanker “Wakashio”, causing environmental havoc in Mauritius, I decided to look into ‘Panama and shipping’ a little more. 

With great help from the BBC in London, here is what was found.

Panama is a small nation of approximately three million, yet it has the largest shipping fleet in the world, greater than those of the US and China combined.

Thanks to its location and slender shape, Panama enjoys a position as the guardian of one of the world’s most important marine trade routes, which connects the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.

Cheaper foreign labour

Most merchant ships flying Panama’s flag belong to foreign owners wishing to avoid the stricter marine regulations imposed by their own countries.

Panama operates what is known as an open registry. Its flag offers the advantages of easier registration (often online) and the ability to employ cheaper foreign labour. Furthermore the foreign owners pay NO income taxes.

About 8,600 ships fly the Panamanian flag. By comparison, the US has around 3,400 registered vessels and China just over 3,700.

Under international law, every merchant ship must be registered with a country, known as its flag state.

That country has jurisdiction over the vessel and is responsible for inspecting that it is safe to sail and to check on the crew’s working conditions.

Open registries, sometimes referred to pejoratively as flags of convenience, have been contentious from the start.

By last year, almost three quarters of the world’s fleet was registered under a flag of a country other than its own.

The registry is lucrative for Panama, bringing in half a billion dollars for the economy in fees, services and taxes.

However, critics of the system point to the ease of hiding the true identity of shipowners and the lax enforcement of rules and regulations.

Luis Fruto, representative of the International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF) in Panama, says the country turns a blind eye to its “responsibilities in order to acquire higher registration”.

The ITF has led a campaign against flags of convenience since 1958. It considers that Panamanian registration is better than some “from a safety viewpoint, but it remains seriously flawed in areas such as oversight, accident investigation and crew assistance”.

Two years ago, Mr Fruto investigated the death of a woman sailor, 22, on her first voyage. She became trapped in machinery that was reportedly faulty and died.

The ITF says that, rather than heading for the nearest port as rules dictate, the ship continued to sail for more than two weeks with her body in a freezer.

Further investigation by the ITF suggested that some of the shipping certificates had been bought.

International legal requirements insist that countries operating open registries inspect vessels, comply with international regulations and investigate accidents and corruption.

But critics say that Panama cuts corners in all these tasks, putting maritime workers at risk.

Indeed, accidents involving Panamanian-registered ships are high.

In 2000, ITF general secretary David Cockroft was able to buy a Panamanian first officer’s certificate for $4,000 to navigate a ship – even though he had no maritime skills or experience.

Despite repeated assurances that the country was cleaning up its act, Roberto Linares, the head of the Panama Maritime Authority, resigned in June after it was discovered that workers were being certified without the proper qualifications.

“Panama’s registry will last for ever,” said Jorge Luis Sanchez, professor at the International Maritime University of Panama. “Those who don’t like the open registry can opt to do something else with their ships.”

Jazmina Rovi, former director of the Panama Maritime Law Association, said unions are better off enforcing uniform standards than eliminating the registry altogether.

With the new maritime administrator sworn in last month, it remains to be seen whether Panama will crack down on corruption and safety breaches or continue to live with the taint that still clings to flags of convenience.

We (WAV) doubt that the crew operating the Panamanian registered livestock  vessel ‘Sarah M’ are that familiar with the EU Regulation 1/2005 on the protection and welfare of animals in transport.  Thus, one has to ask if the Irish operators of the Libyan consignment; the  Purcell Brothers and Curzon Livestock. have concerns about animal welfare; or is it simply a case of getting the cheapest deal possible to operate a shipping vessel to carry livestock at any cost – and that is to find one registered in Panama ?

Regards Mark

Mexico City forbids slaughtering and selling animals on the street

August 7, 2020
Mexico

On July 6th, Mexico City declared that mobile food vendors will no longer be allowed to sell or slaughter live-animals on the spot within the capitol. Vendors who operate food pop-ups at places such as street fairs, flea markets, and other outdoor spaces will have 90 days to update their registration with the Mexican government and abide by the new law.

The new rule doesn’t apply to brick and mortar stores.

 

 

VIOLATORS WILL BE SUBJECTED TO:

-Suspension of work from two to ninety days
-Cancellation of the vendor’s license
-Removal of the street fair/flea market representative

WHAT THIS MEANS FOR ANIMALS: The new ruling is a great step in the right direction and was implemented to address the lack of sanitation capabilities at these mobile markets, which could contribute to disease outbreaks.

Furthermore, the ban will spare many animals in Mexico City from the stress of travel, cramped conditions, and horror of being slaughtered while conscious.

blutendes schwein

WORKING TO END ALL LIVE-ANIMAL MARKETS: Animal Equality Mexico has been working with Senator Jesusa Rodriguez on a national initiative that would ban live animal markets and backyard slaughterhouses in all of Mexico.

We also have a global initiative for a ban on all wet markets that sell and kill animals.

WHAT YOU CAN DO: Regardless of where they’re located, slaughterhouses and factory farms always contribute to risk in disease outbreaks. The best way to help both animals and public health is to stop contributing to these industries and go plant-based!

Also, take a moment to sign and share our petition asking the United Nations to help close all markets that sell and slaughter live animals.

BAN WET MARKETS THAT SELL LIVE ANIMALS

Petition: https://animalequality.org/action/markets

 

And I mean…A good step.
We are waiting and hope for another step, namely the ban of sell and slaughter of live-animals in all of Mexico.
Changes of this kind are achieved with pressure on governments and politicians through organizations, petitions, demonstrations.
Society will adapt and accept what the law says.
As simple as that.

My best regards to all, Venus

Tanker accident in Mauritius: a crime against the environment.

Mauritius has declared an environmental emergency because an oil tanker ran aground off its coast. Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth asked France for help in combating the impending environmental disaster.

“Our country doesn’t have the skills and expertise to refloat stranded ships, so I have appealed for help from France and President Emmanuel Macron,” he said. Bad weather has made it impossible to act, and “I worry what could happen Sunday when the weather deteriorates.”

Mauritius Leaking Ship

This photo taken and provided by Georges de La Tremoille of Mu Press shows oil leaking from the MV Wakashio, a bulk carrier ship that recently ran aground off the southeast coast of Mauritius, Friday, Aug. 7, 2020.  (Georges de La Tremoille/MU Press via AP)

 

The freighter “Wakashio”, which belongs to a Japanese company and sails under the Panamanian flag, ran aground off the southeast coast of the island state on July 25 with around 4,000 tons of fuel on board. The 20 crew members could be brought to safety.

However, oil is currently flowing unhindered into the sea from a leak in the ship’s side.

mauriziusThe tanker “Wakashio” is aground off Mauritius. Around 1,000 tons of oil have now leaked. (Photo: DEV RAMKHELAWON / AFP)

 

According to a spokesman for Japanese operator Mitsui OSK Lines, an attempt was made to bring the oil from the freighter by helicopter. However, bad weather hampers the work, said the spokesman in Tokyo. The company also tried to prevent the oil from spreading by locking in the water. Because of the heavy swell “it doesn’t work well” (!!)

Government statements this week said the ship ran aground July 25 and the National Coast Guard received no distress call. The ship’s owners were listed as the Japanese companies Okiyo Maritime Corporation and Nagashiki Shipping Co. Ltd.

Environmentalists fear a disaster, the accident site is near two nature reserves. The oil threatens to pollute the coral reefs, lagoons and white sandy beaches that Mauritius is famous for as a tourist destination.

Aerial photos showed that large parts of the turquoise-blue water are already dark in color.

“Thousands of species around the pristine lagoons of Blue Bay, Pointe d’Esny and Mahebourg are at risk of drowning in a sea of pollution, with dire consequences for Mauritius’ economy, food security, and health,” Khambule said.

Mauritius-Unterwasserwelt-jpg

But above all, the unanswered questions cause anger among the residents.
The authorities are just now trying to get the disaster under control.
Why did the authorities appear to be inactive for two weeks?

“The oil should have been pumped out immediately after the accident to avoid leakage”, said Dowarkasing. That was gross negligence on the part of the authorities – “a crime against the environment”.
Near the wreck are two protected areas and a small island that is a model for nature conservation and biodiversity. Dowarkasing warned that all of this could be destroyed by the oil.

mauritius-003

“It will be years before it becomes the way it used to be. Or it will never be the same again.”

https://www.sueddeutsche.de/panorama/mauritius-oel-schiff-1.4993329

 

And I mean…It wasn’t long ago, in 2016, when we received calls for help from animal rights activists: save the monkeys of Mauritius!
What was there?

Mauritius is one of the few countries where it is allowed to catch monkeys from the wild and send them to laboratories all over the world. On this island, the animals are classified as “pests” because they feed on sugar cane.
That is why the trade in primates is booming on the holiday island of Mauritius.

After China, Mauritius is the world’s second largest exporter of long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis).
The island nation sells thousands of monkeys each year to the animal testing industry in the US and Europe, particularly France, the UK and Germany.
The number of animals imported from Mauritius has always been obscured.
This bloody business brings tens of millions into the island’s city treasury. Like tourism too.

Now Mauritius is begging for help everywhere, for a disaster that could destroy the lives and livelihoods of many families on the island if tourism stops, which the island primarily lives off of.

Mauritius never thought that the monkeys that were caught with traps also had their families, their children, their environment and all of it is destroyed at once, every day! And that it is also (and not only)  “a crime against the environment” to send these animals to laboratories, where they are tortured and die cruelly.

As soon as the disaster is repaired to some extent, Mauritius will live again from colonial tourism and the monkey trade. Everything will be as before.

My best regards to all, Venus

 

 

Mark Comment:

The freighter “Wakashio”, which belongs to a Japanese company and sails under the Panamanian flag, ran aground off the southeast coast of the island state on July 25.

Another vessel registered in Panama; just like the export ship taking bulls from Ireland to Libya.

https://worldanimalsvoice.com/2020/08/08/ireland-irish-export-bulls-to-arrive-in-libya-today-8-8-20-read-more-and-contact-the-exporters-links-given-the-eu-does-nothing-as-alays/

One has to question the ‘seafaring’ abilty of these Panamanians; no doubt they are cheap; that is why everything with bad business seems to be registered there.

With the running aground of this tanker; environmental destrucyion is inevitable. Venus is absolutely correct in what she says about the Mauritanian primates. We campaigned about this in London what, 35 years ago (or more):

https://worldanimalsvoice.com/2020/07/19/uk-mauritius-paradise-lost-35-years-on-for-us-and-mauritius-still-supplies-primates-to-the-uk-for-research/

GLAD primate 4

India: Swine Flu. A Problem for Years But Officials Deny Problems As Always. Remember Lebanon Explosion ? – Another Example of Government Failing to Act !

India reported over 1,400 cases of swine flu, also known as influenza A (H1N1) between January and March 2020, with 28 deaths. The country saw an outbreak of this disease in 2015, recording over 42 thousand cases and 2,990 deaths.

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/swine-flu

LAST UPDATED : Jul 15, 2020

Swine flu is a type of respiratory disease which is caused by influenza viruses. The disease infects the respiratory tract of pigs and can be transmitted to humans. The behaviour of the diseases includes – barking cough, decreased appetite, nasal secretions etc. The symptoms of swine flu in humans are similar to most influenza infections such as – high fever (100 F or greater), cough, nasal secretions, fatigue, and headache.

The best way to prevent Swine flu is to get the vaccination. It will reduce the chances of becoming infected with influenza viruses. As per media reports, swine flu has claimed over 1,000 lives so far in the year 2017, which is four times more than the deaths recorded last year. As per the data from the Union health ministry, more than 22,186 cases of Swine flu have been reported across the India till now.

Maharashtra has recorded the highest number of deaths with 437 people succumbing to H1N1 infections, followed by 269 deaths in Gujarat, 73 in Kerala, and 69 in Rajasthan.

The health ministry data further revealed that the country recorded 1,094 swine flu deaths and 22,186 cases till August 20, 2017, as compared to 265 deaths and 1,786 cases last year.

The data also revealed that 342 people have died in August alone as compared to six deaths in the same period last year. 

This indicates the worst outbreak of H1N1 influenza in the pandemic years of 2009-10 when the disease killed over 2,700 people and affected around 50,000 others.

https://www.hindustantimes.com/chandigarh/punjab-to-get-uk-piglets-meant-for-northeast-states-now-hit-by-african-swine-flu/story-HDssgOwNfvbGY1kjHGCvPI.html

Punjab to get UK piglets meant for northeast states now hit by African swine flu

The animals, to be distributed among Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur and Nagaland, which had come up with a special pig breeding policy, will now be sent to Punjab

Patiala About 250 high quality piglets imported from the United Kingdom (UK) under the National Livestock Mission for the northeastern states are now being sent to Punjab due to an African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.

The NLM under the Union department of animal husbandry and dairying had imported 262 piglets from the UK in February for the northeastern states for high quality pig breeding in India. As per the programme, the animals were to be distributed among Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur and Nagaland, which had come up with a special pig breeding policy.

However, after the highly contagious ASF claimed the lives of hundreds of pigs and wild boars in the northeast, the NLM changed plans and Punjab was entrusted with the task of caring for them and to continue the breeding process.

The animals, which at present are quarantined at the Animal Quarantine and Certification Service Centre in New Delhi, will be housed in government piggery farms in Punjab.

Preparing to welcome them, the department of animal husbandry has initiated a sanitisation drive at Patiala district’s Nabha piggery farm, an innovative pig breeding centre.

Dr Inderjit Singh, director, Punjab animal husbandry department, said a formal communiqué from NLM to keep the animals in Punjab had already been received. “We have admitted to the terms and conditions of the project, which is completely sponsored by the NLM, while the department will provide all logistics to carry high-quality rearing of pigs in Punjab.”

Pig farming to get a boost

The move, he added, will give a boost to pig farming in the state with large-scale breeding of high-quality imported breeds of pigs in the coming years.

The animal husbandry department has already issued an ASF advisory. “Though no case has been reported in Punjab so far but the pig farmers have been alerted about the animal disease, which is turning deadly in the northeast states,” Gaba said.

ASF is a severe viral disease that affects wild and domestic pigs resulting in an acute haemorrhagic fever. No medicine or vaccine cure has been developed as yet.

Experts believe that the disease has a 100% of case fatality rate The animal husbandry department has already issued an ASF advisory. “Though no case has been reported in Punjab so far but the pig farmers have been alerted about the animal disease, which is turning deadly in the northeast states,” Gaba said.

ASF is a severe viral disease that affects wild and domestic pigs resulting in an acute haemorrhagic fever. No medicine or vaccine cure has been developed as yet.

Experts believe that the disease has a 100% of case fatality rate (CFR) among pigs.

Ireland: Irish Export Bulls to Arrive In Libya Today 8/8/20. Read More and Contact the Exporters – Links Given. The EU Does Nothing As Alays.

Re the ‘Sarah M’ livestock carrying ship taking live Bulls from Ireland to Libya.

The vessel is due to arrive in Libya today, 8/8/20; read more on all our information at:

Note that this position below is not current now –

https://worldanimalsvoice.com/2020/08/06/ireland-sarah-m-en-route-to-libya-with-2000-bulls-latest-position/

https://worldanimalsvoice.com/2020/08/06/eu-european-commission-accused-of-gross-cynicism-toward-farmed-animal-welfare/

https://worldanimalsvoice.com/2020/08/02/ireland-peta-are-now-on-board-re-irish-live-exports-to-libya-please-sign-the-petition-and-crosspost-to-contacts/

https://worldanimalsvoice.com/2020/08/01/ireland-around-2000-bull-cattle-currently-being-shipped-to-libya-for-slaughter-learn-more-about-ship-hunting/

This is the latest position (8/8/20) information that we have:

https://www.vesselfinder.com/vessels/SARAH-M-IMO-7808463-MMSI-352548000

As you can see from this link, the ‘Sarah M’ livestock carrier was constructed in 1979 – 41 years ago !

It is currently registered in Panama; which we do not think is No1 in the world when it comes to crews being aware of EU live animal transport regulations – which is the case here as the vessel has sailed from Ireland; and existing EU member state.

This shipment from Ireland to Libya has been organised by the Purcell Brothers and Curzon Livestock.

The shipment puts the total number of Irish animals exported to Libya this year at about 7,600. In 2019, according to emailed data from Ireland’s Department of Food, Agriculture and the Marine (DAFM), cattle exports to Libya totalled 13,122 animals.

Two of the companies known to ship cattle from Ireland to Libya are Purcell Brothers and Curzon Livestock. Neither responded to calls, texts, or emails asking for comment. No comment was provided either by the European Commission.

Here is a link to the Purcell Brothers site –  https://purcellbrothers.com/

And here is a link to the Curzon Livestock site – http://www.curzonlivestock.com/

Contact details Curzon –  http://www.curzonlivestock.com/contact.html

Contact Purcell – https://purcellbrothers.com/contact

We can do nothing to help the animals on this vessel.  It seems that they have now arrived at their destination and will be unloaded and headed off for ritual slaughter very soon.

In May this year, a letter from over 30 welfare organizations to EU Agriculture Commissioner, Janusz Wojciechowski, and EU Health and Food Safety Commissioner, Stella Kyriakides, called for a ban on animal exports to Libya. Commissioner Kyriakides is charged with enforcing animal welfare laws.

Libya has been in chaos since 2011. The NGO letter argues that animals in Libya risk missile fire, the potential use of chemical weapons, and the possibility of COVID-19-related quarantines at anchorage, potentially adding an extra 14 days to any journey. From Ireland, livestock ships take about nine days to reach Libya. The animals’ eventual slaughter, the letter said, likely entails “extreme and prolonged pain and fear.”

The Commission’s response to the NGOs, which came in a letter last week, has sparked outrage. “The Commission’s reply is a disgrace,” says Compassion in World Farming lawyer, Peter Stevenson. The letter, he said, shows “gross cynicism” and is surprising and disappointing given Commissioner Kyriakides’ “personal commitment to animal welfare.” 

“Her letter says exports to Libya are taking place in a context of private operations and that the Commission cannot prevent such operations as long as they are carried out in accordance with EU legislation. With respect to the Commissioner, this is nonsense,” Stevenson said. 

“One of the key roles of the Commission and the EU member states is to regulate what private operators do, either through legislation or policy frameworks,” Stevenson said. Sending animals on long sea journeys to a war zone is “clearly at odds” with Article 13 of the Treaty of the Functioning of the European Union which stipulates the Commission and member states pay full regard to animal welfare, he said.

Continue reading at  https://worldanimalsvoice.com/2020/08/06/eu-european-commission-accused-of-gross-cynicism-toward-farmed-animal-welfare/

We (WAV) and sister site SAV – read and see lots more here about our live export investigation work https://serbiananimalsvoice.com/about-us/  have always said that the EU are complete and utter junk when it comes to protecting live animals during transport.  This is despite their Regulation 1/2005 which is supposed to ‘protect’ live animals during transport.

In our opinion, and that of most other NGO’s and animal welfare organisations; the EU regulation for the ‘protection’ of animals during transport is worth less than the paper it is written on.

I will leave you to review the facts given, and to make your own decisions on animal transport.

Regards Mark – Kent, England