The worldwide trade in monkeys for research: a million-dollar business!

Many animal experimental establishments, such as pharmaceutical companies and universities, breed their animals themselves. Others order animal breeding from commercial “experimental” animals.
Just as one selects books or clothing from a catalog at a mail-order company, live animals are offered for sale at breeding companies.

On the Internet or in the catalog, experimenters can choose from a large selection of different species and breeds. Animals that have been operated on are even offered, e.g. Rats and mice with tied blood vessels or nerves, with the spleen or kidney removed, etc.
Or genetically modified animals in a wide variety of ways, e.g.

“Humanized mice” that have been “implanted” with a specific human gene.

There is no longer even talk of animals, but of “products” and “research models”.

The American Jackson Laboratory offers thousands of different strains of mice whose genome has been manipulated in such a way that the animals develop certain diseases such as cancer, diabetes, or obesity.

The world’s largest “experimental” animal breeder, the American company Charles River Laboratories, has a rodent and rabbit breeding facility in Sulzfeld in the Karlsruhe (Germany) district.

In Cologne, there is a branch of the American company Taconic, which breeds genetically modified mice.
Monkeys are partly bred for research in the German Primate Center (DPZ) in Göttingen (Germany).

Around 95% of the monkeys come from outside the EU.
The largest exporter is China, followed by Mauritius.

There wild monkeys are caught and reproduced in breeding facilities under unspeakable conditions.
The boys are sent to Europe and America to die in the laboratory. AirFrance is the main carrier of monkeys.
Animal experiments are carried out in the following areas:

➡️ Basic medical and biological research
➡️Development, testing, and effectiveness of drugs
➡️Hazardousness and compatibility test of chemical substances of daily use, such as cleaning agents, paints, varnishes, etc. as well as industrial chemicals
➡️Toxicity tests of “pest” control agents
➡️Recognition of environmental hazards, e.g. Wastewater tests
Genetic engineering (largely falls under basic research)
➡️ Education, training, and further education
➡️military and forensic medicine
➡️ Manufacture of vaccines and serums
➡️Verification of every production unit (batch) of vaccines, infusion solutions, and other biological medicines
➡️ “Storage” of viruses, bacteria, and parasites in order to have these organisms permanently available for research purposes
➡️Diagnostics of various human and animal diseases
➡️Try to increase the “performance” (more milk, eggs, meat) and to adapt the animals “used” for agriculture to the factory farming systems.


For information:  One of the most important tasks of the German Primate Center is to supply all institutions in Germany that conduct research on primates with supplies, i.e. to breed animals for experiments.
Because it is forbidden in Europe to remove monkeys from the wild for scientific purposes. Like many other things, only on paper!
Can it be said unequivocally that no wild-caught animals are vegetating in German test laboratories?

No! Because the majority of the monkeys come from non-European countries.

Long-tailed macaques in the outdoor enclosure at the German Primate Center.

The German Primate Center cannot meet the demand on its own and therefore also purchases from China.

Long-tailed macaques are one of the most frequently used species of monkeys in research, it holds a sad record: No other protected mammal in the world is so heavily traded.

The experimenters use them to test substances for their toxicity, artificially infect them with human diseases, and drill the top of their skulls to insert electrodes into their brains. During the experiments, the animals are often fixed in so-called primate chairs and thus immobilized for hours.

Illegal smuggling and forged documents obscure the true origin of the animals.

From Cambodia via Laos, Vietnam, and China, the monkeys then finally get to Europe or the USA.

They get their “legal” papers somewhere on their journey through Southeast Asia.
Where the animals really come from and whether they were caught in the wild is difficult to find out!

But this fact is ignored because, with long-tailed macaques, the pharmaceutical mafia makes millions every year
In order to meet the high demand, the animals are caught in countries such as Indonesia, Laos, and Cambodia and declared as breeding animals.

Long-tailed macaques in a breeding station in Laos © Jo-Anne McArthur

Chinese traders expressly request animals from Indonesia that are neither chipped nor tattooed. What is that good for, unless you want to disguise the origin of the animals?

From 2022, the European Union will prohibit the use of wild-caught animals in experiments or breeding.

But as long as CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) does not fundamentally prohibit the trade in long-tailed macaques and the authorities in the exporting country continue to create false documents, namely that the animals come from legal sources, wild-caught long-tailed macaques will continue to suffer and die in test laboratories.

And Europe continues to show ridiculous pride in an animal protection law that fundamentally protects criminal animal abusers.

My best regards to all, Venus

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