Day: July 18, 2021

Wildlife Trade Is ‘Key Risk Factor’ Behind Global Spread Of Disease, Study Finds.

Wildlife Trade Increases The Risk Of Next Global Pandemic, Study Finds

The wildlife trade could cause future disease outbreaks Credit: Adobe.

WAV Comment – we see and hear a lot about the causes; the real problem is that nobody has got the balls to take the case in hand and do something positive about it. Roll on more studies, inactive world governments; lots more deaths and ……………… ignorance of the causes !

Wildlife Trade Is ‘Key Risk Factor’ Behind Global Spread Of Disease, Study Finds

New research found that the wildlife trade is increasing the risk of another global pandemic

A new study looked at the wildlife trade’s impact on the transmission of viruses. Researchers warned that the wildlife trade could increase the risk of zoonotic outbreaks, including those with global ‘pandemic potential’.

A zoonosis is an infectious disease transmitted between animals and humans. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), some diseases can begin as a zoonosis but develop into human-only strains – one example is HIV.

The analysis, which was led by The Nature Conservancy, was published in the journal Current Biology. The Nature Conservancy teamed up with the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment (ATREE) in India to conduct the study.

Researchers studied 226 viruses known to cause zoonotic diseases across more than 800 mammal species. They categorized the animals into three groups: traded mammals, non-traded mammals, and domesticated mammals.Researchers found that one-quarter of mammal species in the wildlife trade host 75 percent of the known zoonotic viruses. Compared to domesticated and non-traded species, commonly traded mammals had a ‘much higher’ risk of transmission.

Preventing the next pandemic

Lead author Dr Shivaprakash Nagaraju is a Senior Scientist for The Nature Conservancy in India. He said: “From our findings, it is conceivable that wildlife trade (legal and illegal) is the key risk factor driving the global spread of zoonotic and emerging infectious diseases.”

The international wildlife trade leads to more than one billion direct and indirect interactions between wildlife, domesticated animals, and humans, he added.

Dr Nagaraju said he hopes the research will guide global health experts on where to ‘concentrate their efforts to prevent the next global pandemic’.

Dr Joe Kiesecker is the co-author of the study and a Lead Scientist for The Nature Conservancy. He said: “If we want to stop the next pandemic before it starts, our findings indicate that we should, among other measures, focus our efforts on keeping rodents, bats, primates, ungulates, and carnivores out of wildlife trade.”

Other pandemic concerns

Humans interfering with animals has sparked concerns about disease outbreak before.

A January poll found that roughly 85 percent of Brits support an ‘urgent’ ban on factoring farming, due to concerns about COVID-19. The following month, reports found that the H5N8 strain of bird flu had infected humans for the first time.

And in June, 67 infectious disease experts wrote a letter urging for the end of fur farming.

“The intensive breeding conditions typical on fur farms – animals unnaturally crowded together, poor hygiene, stress, injuries and low genetic diversity – are ideal for the creation and spread of novel pathogens,” the letter reads.

“To risk jeopardising our ability to control and end this or future global coronavirus pandemics, for the sake of fur fashion production, would seem imprudent. 

“We therefore support the call by [Humane Society International] for a permanent global end to the breeding, keeping and killing of animals for the purposes of fur production, and the sale of fur.”

Wildlife Trade Is ‘Key Risk Factor’ Behind Global Spread Of Disease, Study Finds | Plant Based News

Boris Johnson Urged ‘To Lead World Leaders’ Towards Global Fur Farming Ban To Avoid Future Pandemics

67 infectious disease experts have written to the UK Prime Minister – highlighting how fur farms are ideal for the creation and spread of novel pathogens

UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson is being urged to lead world leaders towards a global ban on fur farming. 

67 infectious disease experts have written to the politician ahead of the G7 summit.

The event brings together the heads of governments from a slew of wealthy democracies such as Canada and the US. It will be hosted in Cornwall, England, at the end of this week. 

Global fur farming ban

The letter comes from virologists, epidemiologists, infectious disease specialists, veterinarians, and animal behaviorists from 16 countries. Moreover, it is coordinated by animal protection NGO Humane Society International (HSI).

“It’s clear fur farms have the potential to act as reservoirs of SARS-CoV-2…” reads the letter.

“The intensive breeding conditions typical on fur farms – animals unnaturally crowded together, poor hygiene, stress, injuries and low genetic diversity – are ideal for the creation and spread of novel pathogens. 

“Severe animal welfare deficiencies are inherent to factory fur farming. The trade creates the potential for the many tens of millions of animals on fur farms to act as immediate, intermediate, or amplifier hosts for viral pathogens. 

“To risk jeopardising our ability to control and end this or future global coronavirus pandemics, for the sake of fur fashion production, would seem imprudent. “We therefore support the call by HSI for a permanent global end to the breeding, keeping and killing of animals for the purposes of fur production, and the sale of fur.”

COVID-19 outbreaks

The letter follows more than 400 outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 on mink farms across Europe, the USA, and Canada. 

Some governments, such as the Netherlands and Hungary, have taken decisive action to stop mink fur farming in their jurisdictions.

Moreover, 14 countries globally have banned fur farming completely. However, species susceptible to COVID-19 are still being reared for their fur across the world.

‘A stark warning to governments’

Claire Bass is the executive director of HSI UK. In a statement sent to PBN, she said: “Virologists, veterinarians and disease experts from around the world have provided a stark warning to governments about the public health risks of exploiting wild animals in unsanitary, overcrowded and inhumane fur factory farms, simply for the sake of frivolous fashion. 

“Not only is fur farming inherently cruel to animals. But, the potential for zoonotic disease spread, and for mink fur farms, in particular, to act as reservoirs for coronaviruses is another compelling reason for governments to shut down the fur industry for good.

“We can no longer ignore that fur farms make for a perfect petri dish for pandemics. 

Bass then concluded: “As the first country in the world to ban fur farming two decades ago… The UK is in a unique position to urge world leaders to take decisive action with a global ban.”

Read the full letter here

Mexico-Puebla criminalizes illegal slaughter

On July 15th, the Puebla State Congress in Mexico approved an initiative tabled by local MPs with 34 votes in favor, 0 against and 2 abstentions that criminalize the operation of illegal slaughterhouses and the slaughter of animals without prior stunning represents.

This initiative comes after discussions that Animal Equality in Mexico participated in with various authorities in the Puebla government to reach a final consensus.

Aitor Garmendia / Tras los Muros-Mexico

What is the problem?

Secret slaughter harbors public health risks, contamination from poor waste management and, above all, great suffering for the animals.
In addition, it is not checked whether prohibited substances have been administered, such as growth promoters, which affect the health of animals and humans.
In addition, it does not comply with the official Mexican standard NOM-033-SAG / ZOO-2014 regarding methods of killing domestic and wild animals.
These places do not have the necessary infrastructure and tools to stun the animals before slaughter, causing them untold suffering.

Aitor Garmendia / Tras los Muros-Mexico

What does the reform say?

The reform adds an article to the chapter of the Puebla Criminal Code on crimes against animals as follows:

A prison sentence of one to four years and one thousand to two thousand times the daily rate is imposed on everyone who …

-has a room for unregulated slaughter, in addition to imposing the closure of the property whose purpose is slaughter.
– carries out the slaughter of animals for human consumption without prior stunning.

Continue reading “Mexico-Puebla criminalizes illegal slaughter”

Amazon Rainforest Now Emits More CO2 Than It Absorbs For The First Time.

WAV Comment:  Here in England; there has been no real summer – it has rained a lot for weeks; suddenly in the last few days it is clear sky and temperatures are at 31 degrees.  Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands are having huge rainstorms, and over 150 people have been killed.

Death toll exceeds 180 as Germany and Belgium hit by devastating floods |  Germany | The Guardian
Photo – (Germany) – The Guardian

Mr EX President Trump was full of self gratification for pulling out of the Paris climate accord agreement.   I remember watching all the ‘seals’ clapping him on the White House lawn when he announced.  Fortunately President Biden has tons more sense and has re joined.

If anyone wants to send this to Trump, and Bolsonaro, then great.  2 fools who between them have contributed to major global environmental damage.  Thank god that at least one of them is no longer in charge !

Drone footage shows flood damage in Germany and Belgium - BBC News

Above – Germany (BBC)

CASE STUDY - Amazon Rainforest - Tropical Rainforests and Deciduous  Woodlands

Amazon Rainforest Now Emits More CO2 Than It Absorbs For First Time

Animal agriculture has been linked to the worsening state of the Amazon rainforest

For the first time, the world’s largest rainforest is worsening the climate crisis, a new study has found. The Amazon rainforest’s ability to absorb emissions once slowed down climate change, but it now expels a billion tonnes of carbon dioxide every year.

Many of the emissions are caused by fires intentionally set to clear land for beef and soy production. A lot of the soy produced is fed back into the meat industry. In fact, according to WWF, nearly 80 percent of the world’s soybean crop is fed to livestock.

Rising temperatures and droughts are also contributing to increased emissions.

Scientists Warn Human Impact On Amazon Rainforest Is ‘Worse Than We Realize’

‘Accelerating climate change’

Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research led the study, which spanned over a nine-year period. Researchers launched around 600 flights over four main sites in the Brazilian Amazon. This allowed them to record carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide levels up to 4,500 meters above the forest.

They discovered that while the rainforest soaks up 0.5 billion tonnes of CO2 annually, it emits 1.5 billion. The remaining 1 billion tonnes left in the atmosphere is equal to the annual emissions of Japan – the fifth-largest polluter in the world.

Luciana Gatti, who led the research, said to The Guardian: “The first very bad news is that forest burning produces around three times more CO2 than the forest absorbs.

“The second bad news is that the places where deforestation is 30 percent or more show carbon emissions 10 times higher than where deforestation is lower than 20 percent.”

She added: “Imagine if we could prohibit fires in the Amazon – it could be a carbon sink. But we are doing the opposite – we are accelerating climate change.”




Germany: “Shark City” Prison will not be built!

Do you remember that story we published four years ago?
It was about building a shark aquarium in southern Germany.
An investor wanted to build the biggest shark aquarium in Europe: “Shark City”.
There were protests, letters, demonstrations against a new prison for these intelligent animals.

Today we received very good news!!
The translation of the mail I received:

“Since this week it is certain that the “Shark City” shark aquarium will not be built.
This saves countless sharks from capture and a painful life in captivity.

A group of investors originally wanted to build the large aquarium in Sinsheim in Baden-Württemberg (southern Germany).
After massive protests by residents and animal and species protection organizations from all over Germany, the operators relocated the construction project to Pfungstadt in Hesse.

Even before the public found out about it, the city council in Pfungstadt voted to sell urban land to investors.
But resistance was also very massive in Pfungstadt.
Within a very short time, the local shark protectors managed to collect enough signatures for a referendum, which was rejected by the city council.

In 2019, the operators submitted a development plan.
Then Shark City suddenly became quiet.
In May of this year it became known that the property reservation had expired without the purchase contract being signed.
The operators did not show up at a date agreed with the city. The company disappeared from the Internet.

This week the city council in Pfungstadt repealed all resolutions regarding the shark aquarium.

“animal public” has repeatedly intervened with the responsible politicians and the responsible authorities against the construction of the shark aquarium and supported the active citizens on site.

We are pleased that countless animals have been spared a short, dreary existence in captivity.
This was only possible thanks to the cooperation of numerous organizations and active citizens, whom we would like to thank from the bottom of our hearts.
Such successes give hope because they show that we can change a lot together.

Thank you very much for your compassion and support”

Animal Public

And I mean…When the famous German playwright and librettist Bertolt Brecht was asked what is the point of all the resistance against the Nazi regime at the time, the dead victims, the prisoners … he thought a little and said: “Without us, they would have had it much easier” .
With us this is now a reality, the shark prison belongs to history!

What do we learn from it?
United and active, we can also achieve great things.

My best regards to all, Venus